THE EFFECT OF STEEL SLAG POWDER ON HMA STABILITY

Authors

  • Md. Hasibul Hasan Rahat Department of Construction Management, College of Engineering, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC-27858, USA
  • Ajoy Karmakar Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Ahsanullah Univesity of Science and Technology, 141 & 142, Love Rd, Dhaka-1208
  • Md. Amin-Uzz-Zaman Madani Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Ahsanullah Univesity of Science and Technology, 141 & 142, Love Rd, Dhaka-1208

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11113/mjce.v34.18383

Keywords:

Flexible Pavement, Steel Slag, Hot Mix Asphalt, Penetration, Marshall.

Abstract

The goal of the study is to evaluate the improvements of the stability of the hot mix asphalt (HMA) after the addition of ground steel slag. Steel slag was grounded into finer 75µm particles at Bangladesh Road Research Laboratory (BRRL). Then the ground steel slag powder was added to asphalt binder for penetration and softening point tests. Three modified HMA mixes were prepared with 20%, 30% and 40% of steel slag powder and 2% of cement for the Marshall test with a control mix containing 2% of cement only. The Marshall stability result shows increased stability and decreased flow. Marshall stability reached to maximum at the level of 30% of steel slag powder. The flow values obtained showed a slightly decreasing pattern with the increase in steel slag. The density of the mixes slightly decreases with the increase of steel slag content in the asphalt binder. It was found that the ground steel slag has a negligible effect on air voids (Va), voids in mineral aggregate (VMA), and voids filled with asphalt (VFA). A designed mix was also achieved the best possible result for all parameters in this experiment setup. Ground steel slag can be used in HMA and asphalt pavement construction, which can result in reduced maintenance work and minimize the frequency of rehabilitation and contributes to economic and environmental development.

References

Ahmedzade, P., & Sengoz, B. 2009. Evaluation of steel slag coarse aggregate in hot mix asphalt concrete. Journal of hazardous materials, 165(1-3): 300-305.

Al-Kinani, A. T., Hushari, M., Alsadig, I. A., & Al-Sulaiti, H. 2015. Measurements of Recycling Steel Slug at Qatar Steel Using Low-level Gamma-ray Spectrometry and Calculation of Risk Factors. Donnish Journal of Research in Environmental Studies, 2(4): 028-036.

Alsadig, D. Y., & Wagialla, K. M. 2018. Effect of local steel slag on compressive strength of cement mortars. Journal of Advanced Chemical Engineering, 8(2): 1-5.

ASTM, D. 1998. Test method for resistance of plastic flow of bituminous mixtures using marshall apparatus. Annual Book of Astm Standards. Philadelphia PA: American Society for Testing and Materials, America.

Aziz, M. M. A., Hainin, M. R., Yaacob, H., Ali, Z., Chang, F. L., & Adnan, A. M. 2014. Characterisation and utilisation of steel slag for the construction of roads and highways. Materials Research Innovations, 18(sup6): S6-255.

Design, S. M. 2001. Superpave Series No. 2.

Daniel, J. S., & Lachance, A. 2005. Mechanistic and volumetric properties of asphalt mixtures with recycled asphalt pavement. Transportation research record, 1929(1), 28-36.

Fronek, B. A. 2012. Feasibility of expanding the use of steel slag as a concrete pavement aggregate.

Rezaul, R. M., Atahar, R., Tasnim, T. B., Kurny, A. S. W., Momtaz, R., & Gulshan, F. 2018. Feasibility study of Bangladeshi electric arc furnace steel slag as an alternative for conventional fine aggregate. In AIP Conference Proceedings 1980(1): 030028. AIP Publishing LLC.

Roberts, F. L., Kandhal, P. S., Brown, E. R., Lee, D. Y., & Kennedy, T. W. 2009. Hot mix asphalt materials, mixture design and construction. NAPA research and education foundation.

Roads and Highway 2011, Standard Tender Documents.

Hoque, M. S., Islam, M. S., & Imran, M. A. 2019. Effect of using low density polyethylene modifier on engineering properties of bituminous binder. Journal of Civil Engineering (IEB), 47(2): 97-109.

Jamal, H. 2017. Marshall Stability Test Procedure - ASTM D6927 - 06 Standard Test Method. ABOUT CIVIL ENGINEERING. Retrieved October 20, 2021, from https://www.aboutcivil.org/marshall-stability-test-astm-d6927-06-standard.html.

Jones, N. 2000. The successful use of electric arc furnace slag in asphalt. In 2nd European Slag Conference, Düsseldorf.

Mahmoud, K., & Mahmoud, A. 2019. The sustainable management of byproducts of the steel industry: Egypt case study.

Motz, H., & Geiseler, J. 2001. Products of steel slags an opportunity to save natural resources. Waste management, 21(3): 285-293.

Nazarinasab, A., Ghasemi, M., & Marandi, S. M. 2018. Performance Improvement of Porous Asphalt Mixtures using Crumb Rubber and Steel Slag Powder. International Journal of Transportation Engineering, 6(2): 99-110.

Noureldin, A. S., & McDaniel, R. S. 1990. Evaluation of surface mixtures of steel slag and asphalt. Transportation Research Record, (1269).

Wang, G. C. 2016. The utilization of slag in civil infrastructure construction. Woodhead Publishing.

Zhang, H., Zhu, C., Wei, C., Duan, H., & Yu, J. 2020. Application of functionalized nanomaterials in asphalt road construction materials. In Handbook of Functionalized Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications. 865-907. Elsevier.

Giesekam, J., Barrett, J. R., & Taylor, P. 2015. Construction sector views on Low Carbon Building Materials. Building Research & Information, 44(4): 423–444. https://doi.org/10.1080/09613218.2016.1086872

Wang, G., Li, J., Saberian, M., Rahat, M. H., Massarra, C., Buckhalter, C., Farrington, J., Collins, T., & Johnson, J. 2022. Use of COVID-19 single-use face masks to improve the rutting resistance of Asphalt Pavement. Science of The Total Environment, 154118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.154118

Pham V. Hung, & Nguyen T. Thanh, 2020. Asphalt Pavement Performance in Extreme Weather Events in Tropical Country. International Journal of Engineering and Technical Research. 08: 76-82. 10.17577/IJERTV8IS050057.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/340077685_Asphalt_Pavement_Performance_in_Extreme_Weather_Events_in_Tropical_Country

Downloads

Published

2022-07-27

How to Cite

Rahat, M. H. H., Karmakar, A. ., & Madani, M. A.-U.-Z. (2022). THE EFFECT OF STEEL SLAG POWDER ON HMA STABILITY. Malaysian Journal of Civil Engineering, 34(2), 37-43. https://doi.org/10.11113/mjce.v34.18383

Issue

Section

Articles