GEOPOLYMERS SYNTHESIZED FROM PHILIPPINE COAL ASH AS SUSTAINABLE ALTERNATIVE LOW HEAT TRANSMISSION AND FIRE-RESISTANT MATERIAL FOR BUILDINGS

Authors

  • Martin Ernesto Kalaw Mechanical Engineering Department, Gokongwei College of Engineering, De La Salle University, Manila, Philippines
  • Joshua Martin Kalaw Chemical Engineering Department, Gokongwei College of Engineering, De La Salle University, Manila, Philippines
  • Michael Angelo Promentilla Chemical Engineering Department, Gokongwei College of Engineering, De La Salle University, Manila, Philippines

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11113/aej.v11.16871

Keywords:

Fire resistance, Foaming agents, Geopolymers, Sustainability, Waste utilization

Abstract

Geopolymers are formed from alumina and silica rich materials by alkali dissolution and subsequent polycondensation into a polymeric network. Geopolymerization technology presents a great potential for positive environmental impact since many alumina- and silica- rich industrial waste materials, such as coal ashes, blast furnace slags, mine tailings, etc., can be used as its precursor materials in a process that requires less energy and gives up less emissions vis-à-vis the current conventional OPC (ordinary Portland cement) technology. In this study, geopolymer samples were prepared using an 85% coal fly ash (CFA) - 10% coal bottom ash (CBA) - 5% rice hull ash (RHA) wt/wt mix proportion and activated using an alkali solution of NaOH-Na2SiO3 at an 80%-20% wt/wt solid-to-liquid ratio. With this mix proportion, two types of specimens were used, a slab type with 50 mm thickness, and a cube type, 50 mm x 50 mm x 50 mm. The slab type specimens were used for evaluating fire resistance using ASTM E119, Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials, and the cube type specimens were used to study the effect of foaming agents on the strength and thermal conductivity of the geopolymers formed. Two types of foaming agents, hydrogen peroxide and sodium perborate, at an amount of 0.1% to 0.4% of dry mass mixture, were used. Results from the foamed geopolymers gave compressive strength values ranging from 0.37 to 0.71 MPa and densities of 1430-1560 kg/m3 at 0.3% to 0.4% peroxide added. Values of thermal conductivity of the foamed geopolymers were within 0.033-0.037 W/m-K for all foamed geopolymer samples tested which is a significant reduction compared to the thermal conductivity of the unfoamed geopolymer sample at 0.48 W/m-K. The fire resistance tests show that the unfoamed geopolymer samples perform better than OPC concrete. However, the foamed geopolymers have very low strength compared to the unfoamed sample compressive strength of 18.1 MPa and, thus, are suitable for non-load bearing, insulation applications.

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Published

2021-04-21

How to Cite

Kalaw, M. E. ., Kalaw, J. M. ., & Promentilla, M. A. . (2021). GEOPOLYMERS SYNTHESIZED FROM PHILIPPINE COAL ASH AS SUSTAINABLE ALTERNATIVE LOW HEAT TRANSMISSION AND FIRE-RESISTANT MATERIAL FOR BUILDINGS. ASEAN Engineering Journal, 11(3), 45-56. https://doi.org/10.11113/aej.v11.16871