CARBOXYMETHYL CELLULOSE SYNTHESIS FROM TREATED OIL PALM EMPTY FRUIT BUNCH USING IONIC LIQUID AND HYDROGEN PEROXIDE

Authors

  • Muzakkir Mohammad Zainol School of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Nurul Suhada Ab Rasid Chemical Reaction Engineering Group (CREG), School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Mohd Asmadi Chemical Reaction Engineering Group (CREG), School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Nor Aishah Saidina Amin Chemical Reaction Engineering Group (CREG), School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11113/aej.v11.17866

Keywords:

Biomass, Carboxymethyl cellulose, Empty fruit bunch, Ionic liquid, Oxidizing, Pretreatment

Abstract

The synthesis of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) generally uses isolated crude cellulose with alkaline or acid pretreatment followed by bleaching with sodium chlorite. In this study, the simple [BMIM][Cl] ionic liquid was used as a solvent in the pretreatment process before conduct the bleaching process with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to isolate cellulose from empty fruit bunch (EFB) for further synthesis of CMC. The isolated crude EFB cellulose obtained was converted to CMC by adding 30 wt.% NaOH and various concentrations of sodium monochloroacetic acid (SMCA) at 55 °C for 3 h. The effects of SMCA concentration on the degree of substitution (DS) and CMC yield were investigated. The physicochemical properties of the CMC products were characterized using proton nuclear magnetic resonance, scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive spectrometry, X-ray diffraction, and thermogravimetric analysis. Based on the results, CMC was demonstrated to be synthesized using ionic liquid pretreatment with H2O2 bleaching. Carboxymethyl cellulose synthesized in this study showed a high DS of 0.82. The CMC synthesized from EFB cellulose through ionic liquid pretreatment presented good chemical and physical properties as that reported in other studies.

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Published

2021-10-26

How to Cite

Mohammad Zainol, M., Ab Rasid, N. S. ., Mohd Asmadi, & Saidina Amin, N. A. . (2021). CARBOXYMETHYL CELLULOSE SYNTHESIS FROM TREATED OIL PALM EMPTY FRUIT BUNCH USING IONIC LIQUID AND HYDROGEN PEROXIDE. ASEAN Engineering Journal, 11(4), 80-88. https://doi.org/10.11113/aej.v11.17866