• Danu Ariono Department of Chemical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
  • Anita Kusuma Wardani Department of Chemical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
  • Putu Teta Prihartini Aryanti Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani, Jl. Ters. Jend. Sudirman, Cimahi 40285, Indonesia
  • Ahmad Nurul Hakim Department of Chemical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
  • I Gede Wenten Department of Chemical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia



Electroplating, fouling, nickel rejection, ultrafiltration membrane, wastewater treatment


Wastewater from electroplating industries is usually contaminated with high concentration of hazardous materials, such as nickel, copper, and chromium. Therefore, the electroplating wastewater is one of the environmental problems that require a novel solution to reduce risks for human and environment. Ultrafiltration is a promising technology to overcome this problem due to its ability to reject all suspended solids. However, membrane fouling still becomes a major obstacle in ultrafiltration processes. Fouling reduces the permeate flux and increases membrane operational costs due to membrane cleaning. In this work, fouling mechanism that occurred in polyacrylonitrile based ultrafiltration for electroplating wastewater treatment was investigated. The effects of trans-membrane pressure (TMP) and cross flow velocity on fouling mechanism were also studied. The results showed that in the first 20 minutes, intermediate blocking was occurred on the membrane surface, while cake formation was happened for the rest of filtration time. These results were applied for all TMP and cross flow velocity.


Li, Z. et al. 2014. A Review of Soil Heavy Metal Pollution From Mines in China: Pollution and Health Risk Assessment. Science of The Total Environment. 468(Supplement C): 843-853.

Dermentzis, K. 2010. Removal of Nickel from Electroplating Rinse Waters Using Electrostatic Shielding Electrodialysis/Electrodeionization. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 173(1-3): 647-652.

Axtell, N. R. et al. 2003. Lead and Nickel Removal Using Microspora and Lemna Minor. Bioresource Technology. 89(1): 41-48.

Wardani, A. K. et al. 2017. Study on the Influence of Applied Voltage and Feed Concentration on the Performance of Electrodeionization in Nickel Recovery from Electroplating Wastewater. AIP Conference Proceedings. 1805(1): 030004.

Martín-Lara, M. A. et al. 2014. New Treatment of Real Electroplating Wastewater Containing Heavy Metal Ions by Adsorption onto Olive Stone. Journal of Cleaner Production. 81(Supplement C): 120-129.

Vocciante, M. et al. 2014. A Rigorous Procedure for the Design of Adsorption Units for the Removal of Cadmium and Nickel from Process Wastewaters. Journal of Cleaner Production. 77(Supplement C): 35-46.

Alyüz, B. dan S. Veli, 2009. Kinetics and Equilibrium Studies for the Removal of Nickel and Zinc from Aqueous Solutions by Ion Exchange Resins. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 167(1): 482-488.

Tasser, C. dan F. P. Reinhard. 2003. Recovery of Nickel and Chromium (111) with Advanced Electrodelonization. Metal Finishing. 101(11): 28-29.

Shang, G. H. et al. 2014. Treatment of Dilute Ni2+-Containing Wastewater by Electrodeionization with Bipolar Membrane: Precipitation. Zhongguo Youse Jinshu Xuebao/Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals. 24(10): 2684-2691.

Ariono, D. et al. 2017. Heterogeneous Structure and Its Effect on Properties and Electrochemical Behavior of Ion-exchange Membrane. Materials Research Express. 4(2): 024006.

Cho, J. et al. 2000. Membrane Filtration of Natural Organic Matter: Factors and Mechanisms Affecting Rejection and Flux Decline with Charged Ultrafiltration (UF) Membrane. Journal of Membrane Science. 164(1-2): 89-110.

Aoustin, E. et al. 2001. Ultrafiltration of Natural Organic Matter. Separation and Purification Technology. 22-23: 63-78.

Lowe, J. dan M. M. Hossain. 2008. Application of Ultrafiltration Membranes for Removal of Humic Acid from Drinking Water. Desalination. 218(1): 343-354.

Aryanti, P. et al. 2016. The Influence of PEG400 and Acetone on Polysulfone Membrane Morphology and Fouling Behaviour. Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences. 48(2): 135-149.

Wardani, A. K. et al. 2017. Combined Ultrafiltration-Electrodeionization Technique for Production of High Purity Water. Water Science and Technology. 75(12): 2891-2899.

Shi, X. et al. 2014. Fouling and Cleaning of Ultrafiltration Membranes: A Review. Journal of Water Process Engineering. 1: 121-138.

Aryanti, P. et al. 2017. Modified Membrane with Antibacterial Properties. Membrane Water Treatment. 8(5): 463-481.

Sianipar, M. et al. 2017. Functionalized Carbon Nanotube (CNT) Membrane: Progress and Challenges. RSC Advances. 7(81): 51175-51198.

Wenten, I. G. et al. 2017. Chapter 11 - The Bubble Gas Transport Method. Membrane Characterization. Elsevier. 199-218.

Desiriani, R. et al. 2017. Membrane-Based Downstream Processing of Microbial Xylitol Production. Chemical Engineering. 8(8).

Himma, N. F. et al. 2017. The Effects of Non-solvent on Surface Morphology and Hydrophobicity of Dip-Coated Polypropylene Membrane. Materials Research Express. 4(5): 054001.

Ariono, D. et al. 2017. The effect of Polymer Concentration on Flux Stability of Polysulfone Membrane. AIP Conference Proceedings. 1788(1): 030048.

Broeckmann, A. et al. 2006. Modeling of Pore Blocking and Cake Layer Formation in Membrane Filtration for Wastewater Treatment. Desalination. 189(1): 97-109.

Hermia, J. 1982. Constant Pressure Blocking Filtration Law Application to Powder-Law Non-Newtonian Fluid. Trans. Inst. Chem. Eng. 60: 183-187.




How to Cite