REVIEW ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF FUEL CELLS AND ITS FUTURE PROSPECTS

Authors

  • Thareny Ravichandran aAdvanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia bSchool of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Juhana Jaafar Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC), Faculty of Petroleum and Renewable Energy Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Skudai, Johor Bahru, Johor https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7245-8155
  • Hamid Ilbeygi Future Industries Institute, University of South Australia Building X , Mawson Lakes Campus, Mawson Lakes SA 5095, Adelaide SA 5001
  • Mochammad Purwanto Kampus Institute Teknologi Kalimantan Karang Joang, Jalan Soekarno Hatta KM 15 Karang Joang, Balikpapan 76127, Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia

Keywords:

Fuel cells, renewable energy, fuel cell applications, sustainable source, technologies

Abstract

Fossil fuels are unsustainable energy storage medium with pollution problems. With the limitation of fossil fuels, fuel cells, which are known as effective electrochemical converters, has attracted much attention. Present review paper provides a complete information on fuel cell technology and history which includes competing technologies, current status of research-and-development and its future direction. Fuel cell plays an important role in stationary applications from 1990s till now due to its efficiency upon reducing emissions.

Published

2021-04-01

Issue

Section

Science and Engineering