FRESH STATE AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF ULTRA-LIGHTWEIGHT FOAMED CONCRETE INCORPORATING ALKALI TREATED BANANA FIBRE

Authors

  • Mohammed Hassan Nensok School of Housing, Building and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800, Penang, MALAYSIA https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4632-4081
  • Md Azree Othuman Mydin School of Housing, Building and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800, Penang, MALAYSIA https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8639-1089
  • Hanizam Awang School of Housing, Building and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800, Penang, MALAYSIA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11113/jurnalteknologi.v84.16892

Keywords:

Foamed concrete, banana fibre, rheology, flexural, compression, porosity

Abstract

For a Lightweight Foamed Concrete (LFC) to efficiently function as an energy-saving building material, its self-weight (density) should be reduced. However, the problem associated with a reduced density is a decline in strength. To improve the mechanical properties of LFC, this research attempts to integrate banana fibre into LFC composite with a focus on fresh and harden state properties. An Ultra-Lightweight Foamed Concrete (ULFC) with a density of 600 kg/m3 was produced with the inclusion of treated and untreated banana fibres. The volume fractions of banana fibre added into LFC were 0.00% (control specimen), 0.25%, 0.35%, 0.45% and 0.55%. In addition, an optimised batch mix of ULFC reinforced with 0.35% untreated banana fibre was produced. The batches were tested for rheological, physical, and mechanical properties. Findings reveal that the workability of ULFC composites decrease with increase in fibre addition. The compressive, flexural, and tensile strengths of the alkali-treated composites were higher than the untreated banana fibre composite. SEM micrograph reveals that defibrillation of bundle fibrils due to cleaning the surface amorphous hemicellulose, lignin and pectin of the alkali-treated fibre, leads to rough surfaces and increase surface area resulting in better interfacial adhesion of the fibre with cement matrix.  

Published

2021-11-21

How to Cite

Nensok, M. H., Mydin, M. A. O. ., & Awang, H. . (2021). FRESH STATE AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF ULTRA-LIGHTWEIGHT FOAMED CONCRETE INCORPORATING ALKALI TREATED BANANA FIBRE. Jurnal Teknologi, 84(1). https://doi.org/10.11113/jurnalteknologi.v84.16892

Issue

Section

Science and Engineering