EXPLORATORY SPATIAL DATA ANALYSIS (ESDA) ON COVID-19 CASES IN MALAYSIA

Authors

  • Syerrina Zakaria Faculty of Ocean Engineering Technology and Informatics, University Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6456-2219
  • Nur Edayu Zaini Faculty of Ocean Engineering Technology and Informatics, University Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9142-2134
  • Siti Madhihah Abdul Malik Faculty of Ocean Engineering Technology and Informatics, University Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8148-9546
  • Wan Saliha Wan Alwi Faculty of Ocean Engineering Technology and Informatics, University Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3052-8960

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11113/jurnalteknologi.v83.17106

Keywords:

MCO, RMCO, exploratory spatial data analysis, Moran's index, spatial autocorrelation, COVID-19

Abstract

The Malaysian government implemented The Movement Control Order (MCO) on 18 March 2020 to control the spread of the COVID-19 outbreak. However, the third wave that started in September 2020 during the Recovery Movement Control Order (RMCO) phase saw a continuous increase in the number of cases. In this study, the exploratory spatial data analysis (ESDA) was used to analyse the existence of COVID-19 spatial clusters. Moran's index was used to map the spatial autocorrelation (cluster) to showcase the spreading patterns of the COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia. The study results indicated significant changes in the COVID-19 hotspots over time. At the beginning of 2020, the state of Selangor and Sarawak were the first locality to become a significant COVID-19 hotspot. Furthermore, this research showed all affected areas during the study period. Overall, a non-random distribution of COVID-19 occurrences was detected, thus suggesting a positive spatial autocorrelation. Many parties are affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, especially those involved in healthcare provision, financial assistance allocation, and law enforcement. Other sectors such as the economy, education, and religion are also affected. Therefore, the findings from this study will provide useful information to all the related governmental and private agencies, as well as policymakers and researchers.

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Published

2021-09-21

How to Cite

Zakaria, S., Zaini, N. E., Abdul Malik, S. M. ., & Wan Alwi, W. S. (2021). EXPLORATORY SPATIAL DATA ANALYSIS (ESDA) ON COVID-19 CASES IN MALAYSIA. Jurnal Teknologi, 83(6), 83-94. https://doi.org/10.11113/jurnalteknologi.v83.17106

Issue

Section

Science and Engineering