INVESTIGATION ON THE BARRIERS OF CRUMB RUBBER USAGE FOR ROADS CONSTRUCTION: CASE STUDY AT SABAH
Keywords:Crumb rubber, roads construction, barriers, sustainable, quantitative
AbstractThe usage of crumb rubber in road construction has been widely acknowledged and extensively implemented globally and even locally in Malaysia due to the substantial benefits and versatility of this material contribution in road works. Even though the used of crumb rubber material in road works has been reported since the 1950s, in Malaysia, the implementation of rubberised roads technology concept have been limited and emphasised only in Peninsular Malaysia. In contrast, there have been no recorded trials or construction inroads applying this technology in Sabah. Therefore, there is a necessity to investigate the awareness, advantages, barriers, strategies, and personal opinion regarding crumb rubber usage in the road's construction of Sabah. Questionnaire surveys and structured interviews from stakeholders of the construction industries within Sabah were conducted. The quantitative data collected was tested by descriptive statistics frequencies analysis respective to each section. Further assessment on Cronbach's Alpha test, mean value comparison, relative important index, chi-square test and regression analysis were performed to interested sections. Findings showed that the main advantages and barrier were environmentally friendly factor and financial barriers. Hence respondents propose that guidelines and construction standards as a guidance for the local road agency to be available.
Lo Presti, D. 2013. Recycled Tyre Rubber Modified Bitumens for Road Asphalt Mixtures: A Literature Review. Construction and Building Materials. 49: 863-881.
Bano, S. and Ahmad, S. A. 2018. Application of Waste Tyre in Highway Pavement: A Literature Review. Journal of Civil Engineering and Environmental Technology. 5(8): 556-562.
Nuzaimah, M., Sapuan, S. M., Nadlene, R., & Jawaid, M. 2018. Recycling of Waste Rubber as Fillers: A Review. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 368(1): 1-9.
Rosli, M. H., Aziz, M. A., Adnan, A. M., Hassan, N. A., Jaya, R. P., & Hong, Y. L. 2015. Performance of Modified Asphalt Binder with Tire Rubber Powder. Jurnal Teknologi (Sciences & Engineering). 73(4): 55-60.
Cetin, A. 2013. Effects of Crumb Rubber Size and Concentration on Performance of Porous Asphalt Mixtures. International Journal of Polymer Science. 2013: 1-10.
Hassan, N. A., Airey, G. D., Jaya, R. P., Mashros, N., & Aziz, M. A. 2014. A Review of Crumb Rubber Modification in Dry Mixed Rubberised Asphalt Mixtures. Jurnal Teknologi (Sciences & Engineenring). 70(4): 127-134.
Hamad, G. S., Jaya, R. P., Hassan, N. A., Aziz, M. M. A., & Yusak, M. I. M. 2014. Influences of Crumb Rubber Sizes on Hot Mix Asphalt Mixtures. Jurnal Teknologi. 71(3): 63-68. DOI: 10.11113/jt.v71.3760.
Bandini, P. 2011. Rubberized Asphalt Concrete Pavements in New Mexico: Market Feasibility and Perfomance Assesment. New Mexico: Prepared for the New Mexico Environmental Department and South Central Solid Waste Authority. Department of Civil Engineering.
Altieb, Z. A., Aziz, M. M. A., Kassim, K. A. & Jibrin, H. B. 2016. A Short Review on Using Crumb Rubber as Modification of Bitumen Binder. Jurnal Teknologi (Sciences & Engineering), 78(7-3): 29-36.
Deshmukh, N. H., and Kshirsagar, P. D. Y. 2017. Utilization of Rubber Waste in Construction of Flexible Pavement. International Journal of Advance Research and Development. 2(7): 70-77.
Al Qudah, A., Rahim, M. A., Ghazaly, Z. M., Mashaan, N. S., Koting, S., Napiah, M., Omar, W. M. S. W., & Issa, Y. 2018. Effect of Aged Crumb Rubber Bitumen on Performance Dense Graded Mix in Malaysia. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology. 9(4): 1356-1369.
Wulandari, P. S. and Tjandra, D. 2017. Use of Crumb Rubber As an Additive in Asphalt Concrete Mixture. Procedia Engineering. 171: 1384-1389.
Suganpriya, V., Omprakash, S., & Chandralega, V. 2016. Study of Behaviour of Bitumen Modified with Crumb Rubber. International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology. 5(5): 192-197.
Tefera, B. Y., Tadele, K. & Geremew, A. 2018. Evaluation of the Effect of Rubber Modified Bitumen on Asphalt Performance. American Journal of Civil Engineering. 6(3): 87-92.
Wu, J. P., Herrington, P. R., and Neaylon, K. 2015. Removing Barriers to the Use of Crumb Rubber in Roads. 2015, New Zealand, Opus Research.
Harun, M. H., and Razali, R. 2013. Do We Need Crumb Rubber Asphalt? Jurnal Jabatan Kerja Raya Malaysia. 1: 58-70.
Othman, Z., Hainin, M. R., Warid, M. N M., Idham, M. K., & Kamarudin, S. N. N. 2018. Cup Lump Modified Asphalt mixture Along Jalan Kuala Lumpur – Kuatan, Dareah Temeroh, Pahang. MATEC Web of Conferences 250, 02007.
Milad, A., Ahmeda, A., G., F., Taib, A. M., Rahmad, S., Solla, M., Yusoff, N. I. M. 2020. A Review of the Feasibility of Using Crumb Rubber Derived From End-of-Life Tire as Asphalt Binder Modifier. Journal of Rubber Research.
Abdullah, S. H., and Raman, S. 2001. Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods: Some Strengths and Weakness. Jurnal Pendidik Dan Pendidikan. 17: 120-134.
Whitehead, A. L., Julious, S. A., Cooper, C. L., & Campbell, M. J. 2016. Estimating the Sample Size for a Pilot Randomized Trial to Minimize the Overall Trial Sample Size for the External Pilot and Main Trial for a Continuous Outcome Variable. Statical Mehtods in Medical Research. 25(3): 1057-1073.
Kelley, K., Clark, B., Brown, V. & Sitzia, J. 2003. Methodology Matters: Good Pratice in the Conduct and Reporting of Survey Research. International Journal for Quality in Health Care. 15(3): 261-266.
AlSanad, S. 2015. Awareness, Drivers, Actions and Barriers of Sustainable Construction in Kuwait. Procedia Engineering. 118: 969-983.
Abidin, N. Z. 2009. Sustainable Construction in Malaysia – Developers’ Awareness. Proceedings of World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology. 41: 807-814.
Bahaudin, A. Y., Elias, E. M., Nawi, M. N. M., Zainuddin, N. & Nadarajan, S. 2017. Construction Sustainability and Awareness amongst Contractor in the Northern Region of Malaysia. International Journal of Supply Chain Management. 6(2): 259-264.
Abidin, N. Z. 2010. Investigation the Awareness and Application of Sustainable Construction Concept by Malaysian Developers. Habitat International. 34: 421-426.
Ha, C. Y., Ismail, R., and Khoo, T. J. 2020. The Barriers of Implementing Green Building in Penang Construction Industry. Progress in Energy and Environment. 12: 1-10.
Oke, A., Aigbavboa, C. and Looyen, D. 2016. Influences of Sustainable Construction Pratices in South Africa. Proceeding of International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment. 525-528.
Samari, M., Ghodrati, N., and Shafiei, M. W. M. 2012. Implementation of Sustainable Development in Construction Industry in Penang Island. Awam International Conference on Civil Engineering. 670-677.
Hanumantharao, C., Anil, P. T., Durga, P. K., Naveen, K. N., Shantha, K. R. G., & Hemanth, V. M. 2019. Crumb Rubber Modified Bitumen and Quarry Dust in Flexible Pavements. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering. 8(1): 2868-2873.
Shubham, B., Anil, K. M., and Purnima, B. 2017. Evaluation of Modified Bituminous Concrete Mix Developed using Rubber and Plastic Waste Materials. International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment. 6(2): 442-448.
Durdyev, S., Zavadskas, E. K., Thumell, D., Banaitis, A. & Ihtiyar, A. 2018. Sustainable Construction Industry in Cambodia: Awareness, Drivers and Barriers. Sustainability. 10(2): 392.
Nusa, F. N. M., Endut, I. R., and Ishak, S. Z. 2015. Challenges of Green Highway Concept towards Implementation of Green Highway. Applied Mechanics and Material. 747: 3-6.
Shi, Q., Zuo, J., Huang, R., Huang, J., & Pullen, S. 2013. Identifying the Critical Factors for Green Construction - An Empirical Study in China. Habitat International. 40: 1-8.
Liu, Y. J., Low, S. P. and He, X. 2012. Green Practices in the Chinese Building Industry: Drivers and Impediments. Journal of Technology Management in China. 7(1): 50-63.
How to Cite
Copyright of articles that appear in Jurnal Teknologi belongs exclusively to Penerbit Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (Penerbit UTM Press). This copyright covers the rights to reproduce the article, including reprints, electronic reproductions, or any other reproductions of similar nature.