POTENCY OF Areca catechu FLESH EXTRACT IN INHIBITING SOFT ROT FUNGI OF MELONS AND BANANAS

Authors

  • Pramesti Dewi Biologi Department, FMIPA, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
  • Dyah Rini Indriyanti Biologi Department, FMIPA, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
  • Lina Herlina Biologi Department, FMIPA, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1379-5212
  • Arvidhea Safira Gunawan Biologi Department, FMIPA, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8599-327X
  • Cindyla Ega Lusiana Biologi Department, FMIPA, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11113/jurnalteknologi.v84.17252

Keywords:

Areca catechu, flesh extract, antifungal, soft rot fungus, decayed fruits

Abstract

Areca fruit (Areca catechu) has traditionally been used as a tooth strengthening and whitener through the habit of “chewing,” in Indonesian culture. In Madura, the use of young areca nuts is an herbal medicine for male virility. Wider utilization has not been performed, even though betel nuts contain bioactive compounds, potentially as antimicrobials. The aim of this research was to obtain evidence for the use of watery extract of betel nuts as a natural ingredient to extend fruits’ shelf life from fungal attacks. The fungus isolated from melon fruit was Meyerozyma sp., and the isolate from banana fruit was Aspergillus sp. Extraction of betel nuts using water as a solvent produces a dark brown concentrated solution. The in vitro antifungal test result showed that the inhibitory activity of areca flesh water extract against fungal isolates was still lower than that of 0.2% ketoconazole. The in vivo test results on “Arumanis” mangoes and “Ambon” bananas with Aspergillus sp. from bananas showed that hyphae had not appeared on days 4 and 5 of storage at room temperature 25 oC, respectively. Areca fruit extract can extend the shelf life of the fruit at room temperature.

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Published

2022-05-30

How to Cite

Dewi, P. ., Indriyanti, D. R. ., Herlina, L. ., Gunawan, A. S. ., & Lusiana, C. E. . (2022). POTENCY OF Areca catechu FLESH EXTRACT IN INHIBITING SOFT ROT FUNGI OF MELONS AND BANANAS. Jurnal Teknologi, 84(4), 133-138. https://doi.org/10.11113/jurnalteknologi.v84.17252

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Section

Science and Engineering