C+L BAND SOA MULTI-WAVELENGTH LASER WITH THE VARIATION OF OPTICAL COUPLING RATIOS

Authors

  • F. B. M. Ibrahim ᵃFaculty of Electronic Engineering and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Arau, 02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia ᵇCentre of Excellence for Micro Systems Technology (MiCTEC), Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP), Arau, 02600, Perlis, Malaysia
  • N. A. M. Ahmad Hambali ᵃFaculty of Electronic Engineering and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Arau, 02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia ᵇCentre of Excellence for Micro Systems Technology (MiCTEC), Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP), Arau, 02600, Perlis, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5824-3764
  • M. H. A. Wahid ᵃFaculty of Electronic Engineering and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Arau, 02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia ᵇCentre of Excellence for Micro Systems Technology (MiCTEC), Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP), Arau, 02600, Perlis, Malaysia
  • N. Ali ᵃFaculty of Electronic Engineering and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Arau, 02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia ᵇCentre of Excellence for Micro Systems Technology (MiCTEC), Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP), Arau, 02600, Perlis, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11113/jurnalteknologi.v85.18730

Keywords:

C L band, Multi-wavelength laser, Semiconductor optical amplifier, Optical coupling ratios

Abstract

This paper presents the characteristics of C+L band semiconductor optical amplifier based multi-wavelength laser with the variation of output optical coupling ratios. The configuration was tested with different coupling ratios from 10% to 90%. Meanwhile, the semiconductor optical amplifier injection currents varied from 110 mA to 340 mA in a step of 10 mA. The optimum coupling ratios were observed at 30%, 40%, 50% and 60% since it produces the maximum number of lasing lines, optical signal-to-noise ratio and average peak power. These coupling ratios also correspond to the minimum drive current of the semiconductor optical amplifier that initiates the first lasing lines. At 60% of the coupling ratio and injection current of 280 mA, the multi-wavelength laser has the capability to generate up to 42 dominant lasing lines with average peak power from -21 dBm to -35 dBm and an average optical signal-to-noise ratio from 9 dB to 11 dB. Furthermore, the minimum semiconductor optical amplifier current of 110 mA was required to initiate the first lasing at 60% of the coupling ratio. The semiconductor optical amplifier can effectively and practically act as a multi-wavelength source, especially in optical sensing and communication.

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Published

2022-12-21

How to Cite

Ibrahim, F. B. M. ., Ahmad Hambali, N. A. M., Wahid, M. H. A., & Ali, N. . (2022). C+L BAND SOA MULTI-WAVELENGTH LASER WITH THE VARIATION OF OPTICAL COUPLING RATIOS. Jurnal Teknologi, 85(1), 149-158. https://doi.org/10.11113/jurnalteknologi.v85.18730

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Science and Engineering