• Rabiatul Adawiyah Mohd Darwis Faculty of Science and Technology Defence, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, Kem Sg Besi, 57000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Fadhlina Che Ros Physics Department, Centre for Defence Foundation Studies, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, Kem Sg Besi, 57000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Nurul Huda Osman Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Norhana Abdul Halim Physics Department, Centre for Defence Foundation Studies, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, Kem Sg Besi, 57000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia



Essential oils, DEET, mosquito repellent, Permethrin, textile


Arthropod-borne viruses have become a major threat to human health worldwide. The implementation of personal protection through clothing is necessary to avoid insect bites, especially for military operations and public health emergencies. Development of synthetic repellents in clothing impregnation has been well-established whilst, numerous studies regarding the application of essential oils on textile substrates have been carried out to develop their use as an alternative to synthetic repellents. The present review attempts to give a general overview and summarize the current technology used in treated clothing, as well as the advantages, challenges, limitations, and factors that may affect the performance of synthetic repellents and essential oils in textiles. Current research trends in developing more effective repellents from essential oils are also summarized.


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