• M. Irwanto ᵃDepartment of Electrical Engineering, Universitas Prima Indonesia (UNPRI), Medan, Indonesia ᵇFellow of Center of Excellence for Renewable Energy (CERE), Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP), Perlis, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1159-8904
  • Y. T. Nugraha Department of Electrical Engineering, Universitas Prima Indonesia (UNPRI), Medan, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8347-0638
  • N. Hussin Fellow of Center of Excellence for Renewable Energy (CERE), Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP), Perlis, Malaysia
  • I. Nisja Department of Electrical Engineering, Universitas Bung Hatta (UBH), Padang, Indonesia




Temperature, solar irradiance, photovoltaic, wireless power transfer, magnetic relay coil


A wireless power transfer (WPT) system transfers an alternating current (AC) power from a TC (transmitter coil) to a RC (receiver coil), using an electromagnetic field concept. Several previous reports on WPT systems were able to transmit this power, although their AC frequencies were high in some kilohertz or megahertz (kHz or MHz). These frequencies were unable to be applied directly on the AC loads or only administered to the direct current (DC) energy after rectification through a rectifier circuit. In the receiver phase, the AC power was also very low, due to the minimum voltage and current on the RC. Therefore, this study aims to determine the effects of temperature and solar irradiance on the performance of the 50 Hz photovoltaic wireless power transfer (PVWPT) system. This system is constructed by some PV modules in series connection, to achieve a required DC voltage level on the DC-DC converter and receiver phase. It also converts DC to AC voltages on the TC (transmitter coil) of an H-bridge inverter, with a receiver circuit and a magnetic relay coil positioned between the TC and RC (transmitter and receiver coil). The results showed that solar irradiance and temperature affected the performances of the PV module and PVWPT system. This indicated that higher solar irradiance increased the performance of the PVWPT system, whose maximum efficiency was achieved by positioning the magnetic relay coil between the TC and RC. 


M. Irwanto, H. Alam, M. Masri, B. Ismail, Z. Leow and Y. M. Irwan. 2019. Solar Energy Density Estimation Using ANFIS Based on Daily Maximum and Minimum Temperature. International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive System (IJPEDS). 10(4): 2206-2213. Doi: 10.11591/ijpeds.v10.i4.2206-2213.

R. Gallo, M. Castangia, A. Macii, E. Macii, E. Patti and A. Aliberti. 2022. Solar Radiation Forecasting with Deep Learning Techniques Integrating Geostationary Satellite Images. Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence. 116: 105493. Doi: doi.org/10.1016/j.engappai.2022.105493.

S. Zhao, L. Wu, Y. Xiang, J. Dong, Z. Li, X. Liu,

Z. Tang, H. Wang, X. Wang, J. An, F. Zhang and Z. Li. 2022. Coupling Meteorological Stations Data and Satellite Data for Prediction of Global Solar Radiation with Machine Learning Models. Renewable Energy. 198: 1049-1064. Doi: doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2022.08.111.

M. Irwanto, W. Z. Leow, B. Ismail, N. H. Baharudin, R. Juliangga, H. Alam and M. Masri. 2020. Photovoltaic Powered DC-DC Boost Converter Based on PID Controller for Battery Charging System. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 1432: 012055. Doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1432/1/012055.

L. Micheli, D. L. Talavera, G. M. Tina, F. Almonacid,

E. F. Fernandez´. 2022. Techno-Economic Potential and Perspectives of Floating Photovoltaics

in Europe. Solar Energy. 243: 203-214. Doi: doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2022.07.042.

Y. Haozhe, Y. Huanhuan, C. Yaoting, D. Wenyang. 2022. Research on the Optimal Confguration of Photovoltaic and Energy Storage in Rural Microgrid. Energy Reports. 8: 1285-1293. Doi: doi.org/10.1016/j.egyr.2022.08.115.

M. Irwanto, T. A. Taha, A. T. Hussain, M. Masri and H. Alamz. 2018. Hybrid Charger Controller Based PV and Wind Turbine Systems. International Journal of Research in Advanced Engineering and Technology. 4(2): 73-77.

M. Dhimish and N. Schofield. 2022. Single-switch Boost-buck DC-DC Converter for Industrial Fuel Cell and Photovoltaics Applications. International Journal of Hydrogene Energy. 47: 1241-1255. Doi: doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2021.10.097.

A. Raj, R. P. Praveen. 2022. Highly Efficient DC-DC Boost Converter Implemented with Improved

MPPT Algorithm for Utility Level Photovoltaic Applications. Ain Shams Engineering Journal. 13: 101617. Doi: doi.org/10.1016/j.asej.2021.10.012.

H. Alam, M. Irwanto, Y. M. Mashor and M. Masri. 2020. Design of Multiple Pulse Width Modulation (MPWM) Transformerless Photovoltaic Inverter (TPVI) System. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 1432: 012056. Doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1432/1/012056.

M. Mohan, J. Joy, G. James and S. Paulose. 2022. Switched Inductor based Transformerless Boost Inverter. Materials Today: Proceedings. 58: 496-503. Doi: doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2022.03.010.

S. Kraiem, M. Hamouda and J. B. H. Slama. 2022. Conducted EMI Mitigation in Transformerless PV Inverters Based on Intrinsic MOSFET Parameters. Microelectronics Reliability. 114: 113876. Doi: doi.org/10.1016/j.microrel.2020.113876.

Z. Liao, C. Cao, D. Qiu. 2019. Analysis on Topology Derivation of Single-Phase Transformerless Photovoltaic Grid-Connect Inverters. Optik - International Journal for Light and Electron Optics. 182: 50-57. Doi: doi.org/10.1016/j.ijleo.2018.12.169.

A. H. Butar-Butar, J. H. Leong, M. Irwanto, A. H. Haziah, M. Masri and A. Alam. 2018. Simulation of Magnetic Density Field in Solenoid Generated by Current of Photovoltaic Module Based on Solar Irradiance and Temperature. Far East Journal of Electronics and Communications. 17(5): 1285-1298. Doi.org/10.17654/EC017051285.

A. H. Butar-Butar, J. H. Leong, M. Irwanto. 2020. Effect of DC Voltage Source on the Voltage and Current

of Transmitter and Receiver Coil of 2.5 kHz Wireless

Power Transfer. Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics. 9(2): 484-491. Doi: 10.11591/eei.v9i2.2060.

D. B. Surajit, W. R. Ahmed, K. Narendra, K. Md. Ershadul and & B. M. Abu. 2015. Wireless Powering by Magnetic Resonant Coupling: Recent Trends in Wireless Power Transfer System and Its Applications. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 51: 1525-1552.

G. D. Capua, N. Femia and G. Lisi. 2016. Impact of Losses and Mismatches on Power and Efficiency of Wireless Power Transfer Systems with Controlled Secondary-side Rectifier, INTEGRATION. The VLSI Journal. 55: 384-392.

S. Chattaerjee, A. Iyer, C. Bharatiraja, I. Vaghasia and V. Rajesh. 2017. Design Optimisation for an Efficient Wireless Power Transfer System for Electric Vehicle. 1st International Conference on Power Engineering, Computing and Control. PECON-2017, 2-4 March, VIT University, Chennai Campus.

M. Iordache, G. Andronescu, V. Bucata, M. L. Iordache, M. Staculescu and D. Nuculae. 2016. Design and Simulation of Wireless Power Transfer Systems. Annals of the University of Craiova, Electrical Engineering Series. 20: 109-114.

K. Saleh, M. Irwanto, A. H. Haziah, H. Alam and M. Masri, M. 2017. Estimation of Solar Irradiation in Medan using Hargreaves method Based on Minimum and Maximum Temperature for Potential Assessment of Photovoltaic Power Generation. Advanced Science Letters. 23(5): 4463-4466,

A. Nuwolo, M. Irwanto, A. H. Haziah and A. Kusmantoro. 2017. Estimation of Clear Sky Global Solar Irradiance as Potential of Electrical Power Generation of Photovoltaic Module Based on Latitude Angle in Semarang, Indonesia. International Journal of Research in Advanced Engineering and Technology. 3(1): 41-45.

Y. Wang, J. Qiao, J. Du, F. Wang and W. Zhang. 2018. A View of Research on Wireless Power Transfer. IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physic: Conf. Series. 1074: 1-7.

X. Wang, X. Nie, Y. Liang, F. Lu, Z. Yan and Y. Wang. 2017. Analysis and Experimental Study of Wireless Power Transfer with HTS Coil and Copper Coil as the Intermediate Resonators System. Physica C: Superconductivity and Its Applications. 532: 6-12.

L. Aravind and P. Usha 2015. Wireless Power Transmission using Class E Power Amplifier from Solar Input. Inter. J. Engin. Res. Tech. (IJERT). 4(06): 390-395.

A. A. Eteng, S. K. A. Rahima, C. Y. Leowa, S. Jayaprakasama and B. W. Chew. 2017. Low Power Near-Field Magnetic Wireless Energy Transfer Links: A Review of Architectures and Design Approaches. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 72: 486-505.




How to Cite

Irwanto, M., Nugraha, Y. T., Hussin, . N., & Nisja, I. (2023). EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE AND SOLAR IRRADIANCE ON THE PERFORMANCE OF 50 HZ PHOTOVOLTAIC WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER SYSTEM . Jurnal Teknologi, 85(2), 53-67. https://doi.org/10.11113/jurnalteknologi.v85.18872



Science and Engineering