• Mohd Hayrie Mohd Hatta Centre for Research and Development, Asia Metropolitan University, 81750 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Juan Matmin Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Nur Fatiha Ghazalli School of Dental Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian 16150 Kota Bahru, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Mohamad Azani Abd Khadir Jalani Kolej GENIUS Insan, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Kompleks Permata Insan, Bandar Baru Nilai, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
  • Faisal Hussin Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia



Antibacterial, biosensors, CNTs, dentistry, drug delivery, functionalization


Recent advances in the field of biomedical have been remarkably achieved in the last few years, especially in the fabrication of nanomaterials that have various applications. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are carbon-based materials with cylindrical shapes that have an average diameter of less than 2 nanometre (nm) for single-walled CNTs (SWCNTs) and multi-walled CNTs (MWCNTs) with average diameters up to 100 nm. CNTs demonstrate various outstanding and excellent mechanical, electrical, conductivity, thermal properties, high surface area, and high biocompatibility. These remarkable properties have led to the development of CNTs-based materials in the biomedical field. For the past decades, the functionalization of CNTs has been actively researched in order to increase their biocompatibility for application in antibacterial materials, dentistry, drug delivery, and biosensing. The surface functionalization enhances the capabilities, features, and properties by modifying the surface chemistry of CNTs to improve their biocompatibility. The functionalization of CNTs will enable the biomolecule loading on the surface of CNTs, and thus can be used for drug delivery for targeted cells or immobilization support. In this review, we discuss the related literatures on biomedical applications of CNTs such as antibacterial, dental materials, cancer therapy and biosensors from 2007 – 2022. We also review the antibacterial properties between SWCNTs and MWCNTs, functionalized CNTs-reinforced nanocomposite for dental applications, and the ability of CNTs to work as nanocarriers to deliver drugs directly to cancer cells. Moreover, the applications of CNTs-based biosensors in detecting biological and biomedical compounds are also discussed. 


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How to Cite

Mohd Hatta, M. H. ., Matmin, J. ., Ghazalli, N. F. ., Abd Khadir Jalani, M. A. ., & Hussin, F. . (2023). RECENT MODIFICATIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES FOR BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS. Jurnal Teknologi, 85(2), 83-100.



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