• Md. Nazmul Hassan Department of Civil Engineering, Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology, 141 & 142, Love Road, Tejgaon Industrial Area, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Sharmin Reza Chowdhury Department of Civil Engineering, Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology, 141 & 142, Love Road, Tejgaon Industrial Area, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Raisul Islam Shuvo Department of Civil Engineering, Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology, 141 & 142, Love Road, Tejgaon Industrial Area, Dhaka, Bangladesh



Re-entrant corner, Seismic zone, BNBC 2020 code, Equivalent static analysis (ESA), and Response spectrum analysis (RSA)


Nowadays, buildings often feature irregular floor plans for functional, aesthetic, or economic reasons. Constructing earthquake-resistant structures in seismic areas, especially with irregular shapes like re-entrant corners, poses challenges. Such corners are common when maximizing limited space is a priority. In earthquakes, re-entrant corners in structures pose major vulnerabilities, causing stress concentration and torsion problems. The main aim of this paper is to develop finite element structural analysis models of 10, 12, and 15-storied L-shaped RC buildings with a re-entrant corner under different seismic zones using equivalent static analysis (ESA) and response spectrum analysis (RSA). This research also focuses on the overall behavior of analysis results (story drift, overturning moment, base shear, etc.) with the influence of re-entrant corner. It also investigates the performance of columns and beams near re-entrant corners as the number of stories increases in different seismic zones. For the current study, ETABS V19 is used. Models consider seismic, dead, and live loads. The Bangladesh National Building Code (BNBC) 2020 is used to examine the equivalent static analysis (ESA) and the response spectrum analysis (RSA) methods. It has been concluded from the study that re-entrant corner beams consistently exhibit the highest bending moments and torsion levels across all seismic zones. Similarly, re-entrant corner columns consistently demand the most axial force and rebar when compared to similar column types. Furthermore, the study identifies maximum stress levels in re-entrant corner slabs across all seismic zones.






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