PEMBANGUNAN PENYIMPANAN TENAGA HIJAU DARIPADA SELULOSA BAKTERIA, SELULOSA METIL DAN KANJI KENTANG

DEVELOPMENT OF GREEN ENERGY STORAGE FROM BACTERIAL CELLULOSE, METHYL CELLULOSE AND POTATO STARCH

Authors

  • M. . Hamsan Pusat Pengajian Citra Universiti, Jalan Temuan, 43600 Bangi, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia
  • N. A. Halim Jabatan Fizik, Pusat Asasi Sains Pertahanan, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, Kem Sungai Besi, Kuala Lumpur 57000, Malaysia
  • N. S. N. Sa’aya Fakulti Sains & Teknologi Pertahanan, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, Kem Sungai Besi, Kuala Lumpur 57000, Malaysia
  • N. S. Nazri Pusat Pengajian Citra Universiti, Jalan Temuan, 43600 Bangi, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3097-7544
  • N. F. A. Mohd Salleh Pusat Pengajian Citra Universiti, Jalan Temuan, 43600 Bangi, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia
  • S. Z. N. Demon Jabatan Fizik, Pusat Asasi Sains Pertahanan, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, Kem Sungai Besi, Kuala Lumpur 57000, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6706-7216
  • N. A. Shamsuri Jabatan Fizik, Fakulti Sains, Universiti Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • M. F. Z. Kadir ᵈJabatan Fizik, Fakulti Sains, Universiti Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia ᵉUniversity Malaya Centre for Ionic Liquids (UMCiL), Universiti Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8666-8877
  • M. F. Shukur ᶠFundamental and Applied Sciences Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 32610 Seri Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia ᵍCentre of Innovative Nanostructure and Nanodevices (COINN), Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 32610 Seri Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3659-9612
  • L. K. Keng Pusat Pengajian Citra Universiti, Jalan Temuan, 43600 Bangi, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7750-195X
  • N. H. A. Jafry Pusat Pengajian Citra Universiti, Jalan Temuan, 43600 Bangi, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia
  • A. A. Rahim Pusat Pengajian Citra Universiti, Jalan Temuan, 43600 Bangi, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11113/jurnalteknologi.v86.20987

Keywords:

Bacterial Cellulose; green technology; supercapacitor; polymer electrolyte; electrochemical double-layer capacitor

Abstract

A natural polymer known as bacterial cellulose (BC), derived from a symbiotic culture of bacteria and yeast (SCOBY), is utilized as the electrodes for the electrochemical double-layer capacitors (EDLC). Bacterial cellulose which can be easily obtained from the local market, possesses an exceptional structure that allows for the elimination of non-biodegradable binders and the use of current collectors in the EDLC electrodes. A green polymer electrolyte system consisting of methylcellulose, potato starch and lithium bromide. This electrolyte demonstrates a conductivity of (1.38 ± 0.54) × 10-4 S/cm, electrochemical stability of 1.3 V, and an ionic transference number of 0.98. The optimized electrolyte is used in the EDLC. Cyclic voltammetry analysis reveals that he fabricated EDLC has a capacitive behavior without any peaks indicating redox reactions. The EDLC undergo charging and discharging for up to 5000 cycles, with specific capacitances of 26 F/g. The EDLC shows a maximum power density of 1730 W/kg, with energy density of 3.6 Wh/kg.

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Published

2024-01-15

How to Cite

Hamsan, M. ., Halim, N. A., Sa’aya, N. S. N., Nazri, N. S., Mohd Salleh, N. F. A., Demon, S. Z. N., … Rahim, A. A. (2024). PEMBANGUNAN PENYIMPANAN TENAGA HIJAU DARIPADA SELULOSA BAKTERIA, SELULOSA METIL DAN KANJI KENTANG: DEVELOPMENT OF GREEN ENERGY STORAGE FROM BACTERIAL CELLULOSE, METHYL CELLULOSE AND POTATO STARCH. Jurnal Teknologi, 86(2), 69–76. https://doi.org/10.11113/jurnalteknologi.v86.20987

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Section

Science and Engineering