Surface Roughness and Chip Formation of AlSi/AIN Metal Matrix Composite by End Milling Machining using the Taguchi Method

Authors

  • M. S. Said Manufacturing Section, Universiti Kuala Lumpur Malaysian Spanish Institute, 09000 Kulim Hi-Tech Park, Kulim Kedah, Malaysia
  • J. A. Ghani Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • R. Othman Manufacturing Section, Universiti Kuala Lumpur Malaysian Spanish Institute, 09000 Kulim Hi-Tech Park, Kulim Kedah, Malaysia
  • M. A. Selamat Structural Materials Programme, Advance Materials Research Centre (AMREC), SIRIM, Berhad, Lot 34, Jalan Hi-Tech 2/3, Kulim Hi-Tech Park, 09000 Kulim Kedah, Malaysia
  • N. N. Wan Technical Foundation Section, Universiti Kuala Lumpur Malaysian Spanish Institute, 09000 Kulim Hi-Tech Park, Kulim Kedah, Malaysia
  • Che Hassan, C. H. Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11113/jt.v68.2989

Keywords:

Taguchi method, machining process, surface roughness, chip formation

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to demonstrate surface roughness and chip formation by the machining of Aluminium silicon alloy (AlSic) matrix composite, reinforced with aluminium nitride (AlN), with three types of carbide inserts present. Experiments were conducted at various cutting speeds, feed rates, and depths of cut, according to the Taguchi method, using a standard orthogonal array L9 (34). The effects of cutting speeds, feed rates, depths of cut, and types of tool on surface roughness during the milling operation were evaluated using Taguchi optimization methodology, using the signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio. The surface finish produced is very important in determining whether the quality of the machined part is within specification and permissible tolerance limits. It is understood that chip formation is a fundamental element that influences tool performance. The analysis of chip formation was done using a Sometech SV-35 video microscope. The analysis of results, using the S/N ratio, concluded that a combination of low feed rate, low depth of cut, medium cutting speed, and an uncoated tool, gave a remarkable surface finish. The chips formed from the experiment varied from semi–continuous to discontinuous. 

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Published

2014-05-15

How to Cite

Said, M. S., Ghani, J. A., Othman, R., Selamat, M. A., Wan, N. N., & C. H., C. H. (2014). Surface Roughness and Chip Formation of AlSi/AIN Metal Matrix Composite by End Milling Machining using the Taguchi Method. Jurnal Teknologi, 68(4). https://doi.org/10.11113/jt.v68.2989