SOUND ABSORPTION COEFFICIENT OF NATURAL FIBRES HYBRID REINFORCED POLYESTER COMPOSITES
Keywords:Hybrid composites sugarcane baggase, banana stem, sound absorption coefficient
AbstractNatural fibres have been known of its good acoustic damping properties and therefore, these materials could be used as a sound insulation in many applications. The main purpose of this investigation is to analyze the sound absorption coefficient of sugarcane baggase fibre, banana fibre and its hybrid based composites under various fibre volume fractions. Bone dry test specimens of 10%, 20% and 30% fibre volume fraction were treated with sodium hydroxide (NaOH) prior to composites fabrication using polyester as binder. The pre-tested specimens were examined using scanning electron microscope and electronic analytical balance to analyze physical and dimension characteristic. The sound absorption frequencies were measured using by the two-microphone transfer function technique in the impedance tube that has a 100 mm diameter for low frequency and 28 mm for high frequency, 0 Hz to 4000 Hz respectively. The result indicated that in low and high frequency, the combination of different natural fibres produced better sound absorption coefficient rather than using the natural fibre as individual. The results also demonstrated that the higher amounts of fibre volume fraction are affecting frequencies broadening, hence promising better sound absorbing capacity.Â
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