HOMOGENEITY ANALYSIS OF RAINFALL IN KELANTAN, MALAYSIA
Keywords:Homogeneity, rainfall, monthly, yearly, seasonal
AbstractGood quality of rainfall data is required for the hydrological studies, water resources planning and sustainable environmental management. Consequently, the assessment of the homogeneity of rainfall data at different region is becoming increasing popular in the past few decades. In this study, the homogeneity analysis of rainfall data was carried out in Kelantan River Basin, Malaysia. The methods, namely standard normal homogeneity test (SHNT), Buishand range test, Pettitt test and von Neumann ratio test were applied to the monthly, yearly and seasonal data. The historical rainfall data from 10 rainfall stations covering the study period from 28 to 60 years were selected. The four tests were applied to 120 monthly series, 10 yearly series and 40 seasonal series. â€˜Usefulâ€™, â€˜doubtfulâ€™ and â€˜suspectâ€™ were used to classify the results of the four tests. The results showed that 94.17% of the monthly rainfall series, 70% of yearly rainfall series and 97.5% of seasonal rainfall series are labelled â€˜usefulâ€™. There is 5% of monthly rainfall series, 30% of yearly rainfall series and 1% of seasonal rainfall series are classified as â€˜doubtfulâ€™. Meanwhile, there is only 0.83% of monthly rainfall series and no yearly rainfall series and seasonal rainfall series detected in the class â€˜suspectâ€™. Overall, the percentage of inhomogeneity detected in the monthly, yearly and seasonal rainfall data series of Kelantan River Basin is very small, thus most of the data is suitable to be used for further hydrological and variability analysis.
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