WEB ASSISTED LANGUAGE LEARNING SYSTEM FOR ENHANCING ARABIC LANGUAGE LEARNING USING COGNATES
Keywords:Arabic, Cognate, Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL), Web-Based, Web Assisted Language Learning (WALL)
AbstractThis paper aims to study the use of the WWW in the learning and teaching of Arabic as a second language. Moreover, it aims to study the combination of Web Assisted Language Learning (WALL) and cognate (words similar in meaning and pronunciation) transfer for Arabic language. In addition, the main goal of this paper is to enhance learning of the Arabic language with the approach of WALL. Therefore, the authors built an Arabic WALL system that automatically identifies cognates in Arabic and any other language. The WALL system displays the cognates in a list and as lessons. However, for evaluating the system, Malay language was chosen to be stored in the database. To evaluate the system, a quantitative method was used in the study. A survey was conducted among two groups of respondents. The respondents of the first group were five (5) Malay-speaking learners. The respondents of the second group were five (5) teachers who teach Arabic to Malaysian students. The questionnaire consisted of 14 closed questions (five-point Likert scale). It was found that the majority of participants were satisfied using the system and that they preferred it over traditional learning. They also found the system to be an effective learning tool. Overall, the findings showed that the goals of the study had been achieved.Â
A. Sirajudeen and A. Adebisi. 2012. Teaching Arabic as a Second Language in Nigeria. Procedia-Soc. Behav. Sci. 66: 126-135.
Q. Faryadi. 2007. Techniques of Teaching Arabic as a Foreign Language through Constructivist Paradigm: Malaysian Perspective. [Online]. Available: http://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED HYPERLINK "http://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED495283"495283.
A. M. Zeki, A. N. binti Nooh, and A. H. A. Hashim. 2011. Language Self-Learner. In Advancement in E-Learning, Malaysia: IIUM Press.
The Meadows Center for Preventing Educational Risk. 2010. Acknowledgments. Texas Education Agency and the University of Texas System.
A. Abu Nabaâ€™ih, J. Hussain, A. Al-omari, and S. Shdeifat. 2009. The Effect of Computer Assisted Language Learning in Teaching English Grammar on the Achievement of Secondary Students in Jordan. Int. Arab J. Inf. Technol. vol. 6: 431-439.
S. Seljan, N. Berger, and Z. Dovedan. 2001. Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL).
G. R. GarcÃa. 2002. Web Assisted Language Learning (WALL) and Learning Management Systems (LMS) in Virtual Centres for Foreign Languages. IJES, Int. J. English Stud. 2(1): 81-96,.
A. Laghos and P. Zaphiris. 2005. Computer Assisted/Aided Language Learning. Encycl. Distance Learn. 1: 331-336.
Y. Yang. 2010. Computer-assisted Foreign Language Teaching: Theory and Practice. Journal of Language Teaching and Research. 1.
M. Guarda. 2012. Computer-mediated-communication and Foreign Language Education. J. E-Learning Knowl. Soc. 8: 15-27.
M. F. Ghalib. 2007. Designing a Technology-Based Curriculum for Arabic Teachers via the Web at International Islamic University Malaysia. In Proceedings of the 1st International Malaysian Educational Technology Convention. 1172-1176.
M. Bush. 2004. Teaching Arabic with Technology at BYU: Learning from the Past to Bridge to the Future. CALICO J. 21: 497-522.
M. Ghalib, H. Hassan, M. S. Sahrir, N. M. Daud, M. Mohin, and M. A. Ayu. 2014. Developing Icollect Mobile (Android and Iphone-Based) Application for Arabic Language Teaching. Middle-East J. Sci. Res. 20: 21-27.
I. Suliman, A. Mukhtar, and M. S. Sahrir. 2013. Issues and Challenges of Using CALL in Learning Arabicâ€¯: Considerations for Content Development. Am. Int. J. Soc. Sci. 2(5): 76-88.
M. N. Ibrahim, S. N. Bilmas, A. Babiker, and M. Idroas. 2013. A Framework of an Online Self-based Learning for Teaching Arabic as Second Language (TASL). In Proceedings of International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Modelling and Simulation. 255-260.
M. F. M. Ghalib and I. H. Sarudin. 2000. On-line Arabic: Challenges, Limitations, and Recommendations. Proc. Natl. Conf. Teach. Learn. High. Educ. Univ. Utara Malaysia, Kedah. 231-239.
O. Abufanas. 2013. Computer Aided Language Learning System for Arabic for Second Language Learners. Int. J. Soc. Manag. Econ. Bus. Eng. 7(12): 1942-1946.
M. S. Sahrir, M. F. Yahaya, and M. S. Nasir. 2013. EZ-Arabic for Children: A Virtual Learning Resource Tool for Malaysian Primary Schools. Procedia-Soc. Behav. Sci. 90(InCULT 2012): 396-404.
M. S. Sahrir and G. Yusri. 2012. Online Vocabulary Games For Teaching And Learning Arabic. GEMA OnlineTM J. Lang. Stud. 12(September): 961-977.
G. Kondrak. 2009. Identification of Cognates and Recurrent Sound Correspondence in Word Lists. Trait. Autom. des Langues. 50: 201-235.
L. Campbell and W. Poser. 2008. Language Classification: History and Method. New York, USA: Cambridge University Press.
H. Ringbom. 2007. The Importance of Cross-Linguistic Similarities. Lang. Teach. 31(9): 3-5.
R. Ibrahim. 2006. Do Languages with Cognate Relationships have Advantages in Second Language Acquisition. Linguist. J. 1(3): 66-96.
R. Lapo. Facilitation of Positive Transfer from Spanish to Englishâ€¯: Analysis of Similarities and Differences in Regards to Semantics, Syntax, and Phonology.
L. Zhang. 2005. An Application of the Keyword Method to the Acquisition of English Vocabulary for Chinese Learners. Sino-US Foreign Lang. 3(9): 76-78.
C. P. Proctor, B. Dalton, and D. L. Grisham. 2007. Scaffolding English Language Learners and Struggling Readers in a Universal Literacy Environment With Embedded Strategy Instruction and Vocabulary Support. J. Lit. Res. 39: 71-93.
C. A. Dressler. 2000. The Word-inferencing Strategies of Bilingual and Monolingual Fifth Graders: A Case Study Approach. Harvard Graduate School of Education.
M. Tavakoli and E. Gerami. 2013. The Effect of Keyword and Pictorial Methods on EFL Learnersâ€™ Vocabulary Learning and Retention. Porta Linguarum. 19: 299-316.
A. R. Chik. 2011. Al-Alfaz al-arabiyyah al-muqtaradhah fi al-lughah al-malayuwiyyah: â€˜ardhun wa tahlil. Arab Times (USA), [Online]. Available: http://portal.arabtime.com/article_preview.cfm?Action=Article&Preview=ViewOnly&ArticleID=21827"21827.
R. Shehab and A. M. Zeki. 2014. Arabic-Malay Cognates As A Computer Assisted Language Learning. In 3rd International Conference on Advanced Computer Science Applications and Technologies (ACSAT 2014) 29-30 Dec 2014.
N. Bevan. 2008. Classifying and Selecting UX and Usability Measures. Int. Work. Meaningful Meas. Valid Useful User Exp. Mefigas. 11: 13-18.
R. E. Kirk. 2013. Experimental Design. In Handbook of Psychology. 5: 3-33.
Q. Deng. 2010. Motivation for Vocabulary Learning of College Students. Master thesis, University of Nebraska.
Ä°. Ã‡AKIR. 2006. The Use of Video as an Audio-Visual Material in Foreign. Turkish Online J. Educ. Technol. 5(4): 67-72.
How to Cite
Copyright of articles that appear in Jurnal Teknologi belongs exclusively to Penerbit Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (Penerbit UTM Press). This copyright covers the rights to reproduce the article, including reprints, electronic reproductions, or any other reproductions of similar nature.