VARIATION IN BEARING CAPACITY OF SOIL DUE TO CHANGES IN WATER TABLE DEPTH IN DHAKA, BANGLADESH
Keywords:Bearing capacity; shallow foundation; water table depth; factor of safety
AbstractThe bearing capacity of the soil is a significant topic in geotechnical engineering, especially in foundation engineering, as the stability of any foundation depends on it. A structure with a very sound design may collapse standing on poor soil with low bearing capacity. As the depth of the water table increases, the ultimate bearing capacity of soil increases. The effect of an increase in depth on safe bearing capacity is predominant due to an increase in surcharge weight. The higher the water table, the lesser is as far as possible and strength of the soil. In this research, soil test reports of different locations of Dhaka city were collected, and the bearing capacity of the soil was calculated by Terzaghi's method based on a fixed foundation depth with a variation of water table depth. Bearing capacity was compared with the depth of the water table in graphical format and it was seen that bearing capacity of soil increases with the increase of water table depth.
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