BEHAVIOR OF CONCRETE COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH BY UTILIZING FLY ASH AND WOOD POWDER

Authors

  • Tarikul Islam Department of Civil Engineering, Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology (AUST), Dhaka, Bangladesh https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4193-4366
  • Sristi Das Gupta Department of Civil Engineering, Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology (AUST), Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Julekha Janin Department of Civil Engineering, Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology (AUST), Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Ataur Rahman Department of Civil Engineering, Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology (AUST), Dhaka, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11113/mjce.v33.17398

Keywords:

Fly ash, Wood powder, pozzolanic material, Compressive strength, Environment sustainability

Abstract

The release of CO2 into the atmosphere, which is caused by cement manufacturing, is a substantial cause of global warming. Besides, rapid industrial expansion has prompted concerns about how to properly dispose of industrial by-products. Many of them might pollute the environment if discarded in open landfills. In recent years, utilization of natural and industrial waste as a supplement to cement or aggregates has become incredibly popular as a means of improving concrete performance, satisfy rising cement needs and achieving environmental sustainability. A blend of fly ash (as a cement substitute) and wood powder (as a fine aggregate substitute) might be a viable alternative for determining the impact on the concrete mixture. In this study, fine aggregate is substituted with 5%, 10%, and 15% wood powder, and cement is replaced with 10%, 15%, and 20% fly ash to get the best combination in terms of compressive strength. When a 5% wood powder replacement is done with fine aggregate and a 10-15% replacement of cement is made with fly ash, compressive strength improves between 2.19-3.58% and 4.12-7.51% for 28 days and 90 days. It is found that if the quantity of wood powder in concrete exceeds 5%, the compressive strength drops dramatically. Besides that, concrete constructed with a 20% fly ash and 15% wood powder mixture disintegrated while curing. However, concrete containing up to 10% wood powder and up to 15% fly ash has been demonstrated to be effective when compared to plain concrete. Furthermore, based on the compressive strength test results of concrete at 28 days and environmental sustainability, a considerable proportion of construction expenses may be saved by substituting 10-15% of cement with fly ash.

References

Abdullahi, A., Abubakar, M., & Afolayan, A. 2013. Partial Replacement of Sand with Sawdust in Concrete Production. 3rd Biennial Engineering Conference, Federal University of Technology, Minna, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.2742.0804

Abed, J. M., & Khaleel, B. A. 2019. Effect of wood waste as a partial replacement of cement, fine and coarse aggregate on physical and mechanical properties of concrete blocks units. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 11(8): 229–239. https://doi.org/10.30880/ijie.2019.11.08.023

ACI 211.1-91. 2009. Standard Practice for Selecting Proportions for Normal, Heavyweight and Mass Concrete (Reapproved 2009). American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, 48331-3439 USA. //www.concrete.org/

Ahmaruzzaman, M. 2010. A review on the utilization of fly ash. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 36(3): 327–363. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2009.11.003

Ahmed, W., Khushnood, R. A., Memon, S. A., Ahmad, S., Baloch, W. L., & Usman, M. 2018 Effective use of sawdust for the production of eco-friendly and thermal-energy efficient normal weight and lightweight concretes with tailored fracture properties. Journal of Cleaner Production, 184(October): 1016–1027. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.03.009

Al Smadi, B. M., Al-Zboon, K. K., & Shatnawi, K. M. 2009. Assessment of air pollutants emissions from a cement plant: A case study in Jordan. Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering, 3(3): 265–282.

ASTM C117-17. 2017. Standard Test Method for Materials Finer than 75-μm (No. 200) Sieve in Mineral Aggregates by Washing. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. https://www.astm.org/Standards/C117.htm

ASTM C136/C136M−19. 2019. Standard Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1520/C0136_C0136M-19

ASTM D7928 - 17. 2017. Standard Test Method for Particle-Size Distribution (Gradation) of Fine-Grained Soils Using the Sedimentation (Hydrometer) Analysis. Annual Book of ASTM Standards 2017, May 2016, 1–25. https://doi.org/10.1520/D7928-16E01

Bertolini, L., Carsana, M., Cassago, D., Curzio, A. Q., & Collepardi, M. 2004. MSWI ashes as mineral additions in concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 34(10): 1899–1906. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2004.02.001

BS EN 12390-3. 2019. Testing hardened concrete - Part 3: Compressive strength of test specimens. European Committee for Standardization, Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium, 4–10.

Capros, P., Kouvaritakis, N., & Mantzos, L. 2001. Economic Evaluation of Sectoral Emission Reduction Objectives for Climate Change - Top-down Analysis of Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Possibilities in the EU. Analysis, 120. http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/enveco/climate_change/sectoral_objectives.htm

Chandio, S. A., Memon, B. A., Oad, M., Chandio, F. A., & Memon, M. U. 2020. Effect of Fly Ash on the Compressive Strength of Green Concrete. Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, 10(3): 5728–5731. https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3499

Cong Kou, S., Sun Poon, C., & Chang, D. 2007. Influence of Fly Ash as Cement Replacement on the Properties of Recycled Aggregate Concrete. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 8(5), 709–717. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0899-1561(2007)19:9(709)

Cornejo, M. H., Elsen, J., Baykara, H., & Paredes, C. 2014. Hydration process of zeolite-rich tuffs and siltstone-blended cement pastes at low W/B ratio, under wet curing condition. European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering, 18(6): 629–651. https://doi.org/10.1080/19648189.2014.897005

Goud, V., & Soni, N. 2016. Partial Replacement of Cement with Fly Ash In Concrete And Its Effect. IOSR Journal of Engineering (IOSRJEN), 06(10): 69–75. www.iosrjen.org

Grau, F., Choo, H., Hu, J. W., & Jung, J. 2015. Engineering behavior and characteristics of wood ash and sugarcane bagasse ash. Materials, 8(10): 6962–6977. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma8105353

Harison, A., Srivastava, V., & Herbert, A. 2014. Effect of Fly Ash on Compressive Strength of Portland Pozzolona Cement Concrete. Journal of Academia and Industrial Research (JAIR), 2(8): 476–479. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/268688940_Effect_of_Fly_Ash_on_Compressive_Strength_of_Portland_Pozzolona_Cement_Concrete/stats

Hendriks, C. A., Worrell, E., Price, L., Martin, N., Ozawa Meida, L., de Jager, D., & Riemer, P. 1999. Emission reduction of greenhouse gases from the cement industry. Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies 4: 939–944. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-008043018-8/50150-8

Huda Suliman, N., Atif Abdul Razak, A., Mansor, H., Alisibramulisi, A., & Mohd Amin, N. 2019. Concrete using sawdust as partial replacement of sand : Is it strong and does not endanger health? MATEC Web of Conferences, 258(January): 01015. https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201925801015

Humphreys, K., & Mahasenan, M. 2002. Towards a sustainable cement industry. Substudy 8: climate change. https://www.osti.gov/etdeweb/biblio/20269589

Jahagirdar, S., Patki, V., & Metan, S. 2019. Evaluation of physical and chemical properties of OPC and PPC cement. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, 8(2) Special Issue 11), 840–845. https://doi.org/10.35940/ijrte.B1138.0982S1119

Jatoi, M. A., Solangi, G. S., Shaikh, F. A., Khan, S., & Ahmed, S. 2019. Effect of Lakhra Fly Ash as Partial Replacement of Cement in Traditional Concrete. Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, 38(4): 1045–1056. https://doi.org/10.22581/muet1982.1904.16

Josa, A., Aguado, A., Cardim, A., & Byars, E. 2007. Comparative analysis of the life cycle impact assessment of available cement inventories in the EU. Cement and Concrete Research, 37(5): 781–788. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2007.02.004

Kumar Singh, V., Srivastava, V., Agarwal, V., & Harison, A. 2015. Effect of Fly Ash as Partial Replacement of Cement in PPC Concrete. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, 4(7): 6212–6217. https://doi.org/10.15680/IJIRSET.2015.0407193

Lakshmi TK, A., & Dilip P, P. (2019). Experimental Study on Partial Replacement of Sand by Teak Wood Dust in Concrete. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 8(5), 1804–1808. https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v8i5/ART20198294.pdf

Madhavi, T. P., Sampathkumar, V., & Gunasekaran, P. 2013. Partial Replacement of Cement and Fine Aggregate By Using Fly Ash and Glass Aggregate. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, 02(13): 351–355. https://doi.org/10.15623/ijret.2013.0213066

Madurwar, M. V., Ralegaonkar, R. V., & Mandavgane, S. A. 2013. Application of agro-waste for sustainable construction materials: A review. Construction and Building Materials, 38(January 2019): 872–878. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.09.011

Marchment, T., Sanjayan, J. G., Nematollahi, B., & Xia, M. 2019. Interlayer Strength of 3D Printed Concrete. In 3D Concrete Printing Technology (Issue 3). Elsevier Inc. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-815481-6.00012-9

Martirena, F., & Monzó, J. 2018. Vegetable ashes as Supplementary Cementitious Materials. Cement and Concrete Research, 114: 57–64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2017.08.015

Mishra, S., & Siddiqui, N. A. 2014. A Review On Environmental and Health Impacts Of Cement Manufacturing Emissions. International Journal of Geology, Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, 2(3 June 2014), 2. www.woarjournals.org/IJGAES

Mwango, A., & Kambole, C. 2019. Engineering Characteristics and Potential Increased Utilisation of Sawdust Composites in Construction—A Review. Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research, 07(03): 59–88. https://doi.org/10.4236/jbcpr.2019.73005

Narayanan, A., G, H., K, S., & Mary, A. 2018. Replacement of Fine Aggregate With Sawdust. International Journal of Advanced Research in Basic Engineering Sciences and Technology, 9(5): 408–419.

Nath, P., & Sarker, P. 2011. Effect of fly ash on the durability properties of high strength concrete. Procedia Engineering, 14: 1149–1156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2011.07.144

Nathan, M. V. (2018). Effect of Sawdust as Fine Aggregate In Concrete Mixture. International Journal of Engineering and Techniques, 4(3): 1–12.

Paul, S. C., Mbewe, P. B. K., Kong, S. Y., & Šavija, B. (2019). Agricultural solid waste as source of supplementary cementitious materials in developing countries. Materials, 12(7): Article number 1112. ttps://doi.org/10.3390/ma12071112

Potgieter, J. H. (2012). An Overview of Cement production: How “green” and sustainable is the industry? Environmental Management and Sustainable Development, 1(2): 14–37. https://doi.org/10.5296/emsd.v1i2.1872

Saheed Bada, B., Olatunde, K. A., & Oluwajana, A. 2013. Air Quality Assessment in the Vicinity of Cement Company. International Research Journal of Natural Sciences, 1(2): 34–42. https://www.eajournals.org/wp-content/uploads/AIR-QUALITY-ASSESSMENT-IN-THE-VICINITY-OF-CEMENT-COMPANY.pdf

Sakir, S., Raman, S. N., Safiuddin, M., Amrul Kaish, A. B. M., & Mutalib, A. A. (2020). Utilization of by-products and wastes as supplementary cementitious materials in structural mortar for sustainable construction. Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(9): https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093888

Sata, V., Jaturapitakkul, C., & Kiattikomol, K. 2007. Influence of pozzolan from various by-product materials on mechanical properties of high-strength concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 21(7): 1589–1598. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2005.09.011

Siddique, R. 2010. Use of municipal solid waste ash in concrete. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 55(2): 83–91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2010.10.003

Siddique, R., & Khan, M. I. 2011. Supplementary Cementing Materials. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-17866-5

Siddique, R., Nanda, V., Kunal, Kadri, E. H., Iqbal Khan, M., Singh, M., & Rajor, A. 2016. Influence of bacteria on compressive strength and permeation properties of concrete made with cement baghouse filter dust. Construction and Building Materials, 106: 461–469. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.12.112

Tilak, L. N., M.B, S. K., Manvendra, S., & Niranjan. 2018. Use of Saw Dust as Fine Aggregate in Concrete Mixture. Isbn 978-1-118-095-35-3: 220.

Yakubu, B., & Bukar, B. Y. 2020. Partial Replacement of Fine Aggregates with Wood Dust in Concrete (Compressive Strength Test). 7(4): 177–182.

Downloads

Published

2021-11-29

How to Cite

Islam, T. ., Sristi Das Gupta, Julekha Janin, & Rahman, A. . (2021). BEHAVIOR OF CONCRETE COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH BY UTILIZING FLY ASH AND WOOD POWDER . Malaysian Journal of Civil Engineering, 33(3). https://doi.org/10.11113/mjce.v33.17398

Issue

Section

Articles