HIGH-CYCLE FATIGUE IN CONCRETE THROUGH THE THEORY OF CRITICAL DISTANCES: FROM PERSPECTIVE OF WATER-CEMENT RATIO

Authors

  • Mohamad Shazwan Ahmad Shah School of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8070-4769
  • Sarehati Umar School of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Chee-Loong Chin School of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Sayyid Zainal Abidin Syed Ahmad Faculty of Ocean Engineering Technology and Informatics, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Malaysia
  • Nurul Noraziemah Mohd Pauzi Faculty of Engineering and Science, Curtin University 98009 Miri, Sarawak, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11113/mjce.v33.17609

Keywords:

concrete, fatigue and fracture mechanics, high-cycle fatigue, water-cement ratio

Abstract

Water-cement ratio plays a unique role in concrete structures.  The uniqueness of evaluating concrete from the perspective of the water-cement ratio will be more obvious if the structure is being assessed down into its microscale level. It is important to realise that most dynamic concrete structures are hydro-related structures, and those structures need to be designed as detail as possible. Thus, the design of dynamic concrete structures has to incorporate accurate fatigue formulation and precise water-cement ratio variation effect. Currently, one of the most simplified yet accurate formulations proposed to run fatigue cases throughout a wide spectrum of scope is the Theory of Critical Distances (TCD). Therefore, the article reviews and discusses the precision of TCD towards the water-cement ratio perspective.

Author Biographies

Mohamad Shazwan Ahmad Shah, School of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

Senior Lecturer in School of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia.

Sarehati Umar, School of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

Senior Lecturer in Department of Structure and Materials, School of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia.

Chee-Loong Chin, School of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

Senior Lecturer in Department of Structure and Materials, School of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia.

Sayyid Zainal Abidin Syed Ahmad, Faculty of Ocean Engineering Technology and Informatics, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Malaysia

Lecturer in Faculty of Ocean Engineering Technology and Informatics, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, MALAYSIA

Nurul Noraziemah Mohd Pauzi, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Curtin University 98009 Miri, Sarawak, Malaysia

Lecturer in Faculty of Engineering and Science, Curtin University Sarawak, Malaysia.

References

ACI Committee 215 1992 215R-74 (92): Considerations for Design of Concrete Structures Subjected to Fatigue Loading (Reapproved 1997).

Bartlett, F. M. and MacGregor, J. G. 1994 ‘Effect of Moisture Condition on Concrete Core Strengths’, Materials Journal, 91(3): pp. 227–236.

Bellett, D., Pessard, E. and Morel, F. 2014 ‘A flexible HCF modeling framework leading to a probabilistic multiaxial kitagawa-takahashi diagram’, Advanced Materials Research, 891–892(March): 1372–1378. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.891-892.1372.

Bentz, D. P. and Aïtcin, P.-C. 2008 ‘The Hidden Meaning of Water-Cement Ratio’, Concrete International, 30(05):. 51–54. Available at: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/0d81/a808b2be044b7a641bca182fd81c14680c1c.pdf.

Boyer, H. E. 1986 ‘Fatigue Testing’, in Atlas of Fatigue Curves. 6th edn. ASM International: 1–10.

British Standards Institution (BSI) 2013. BS EN 206:2013 Concrete - Specification, Performance, Production and Conformity (incorporating corrigendum May 2014). London: BSI Standards Publication.

Chen, X., Huang, W. and Zhou, J. 2012. ‘Effect of moisture content on compressive and split tensile strength of concrete’, Indian Journal of Engineering & Materials Sciences, 19(December): 427–435.

Dahlberg, T. and Ekberg, A. 2011 Failure Fracture Fatigue: An Introduction. illustrate. Lightning Source.

Farny, J. A. and Panarese, W. C. 1994. High Strength Concrete, The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Edited by Portland Cement Association (PCA). Skokie, Illinois, USA: Portland Cement Association (PCA).

Irwin, G. R. 1957. ‘Relation of Stresses near a Crack to the Crack Extension Force’, in 9th Congress of Applied Mechanics. Brussels.

Kamble, R. G., Raykar, N. R. and Jadhav, D. N. 2020. ‘Machine learning approach to predict fatigue crack growth’, in Materials Today: Proceedings. Elsevier Ltd. 2506–2511. doi: 10.1016/j.matpr.2020.07.535.

Kitagawa, H. and Takahashi, S. 1976. ‘Applicability of Fracture Mechanics to Very Small Cracks or the Cracks in the Early Stage’, in Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Mechanical Behaviour of Materials. Cleveland. 627–631.

Kosmatka, S. H., Kerkhoff, B. and Panarese, W. C. 2011. Design and Control of Concrete Mixtures. 14th edn, Engineering Bulletin 001 (EB001). 14th edn. Skokie, Illinois, USA: Portland Cement Association (PCA).

Liu, R. et al. 2017. ‘Fatigue strength plateau induced by microstructure inhomogeneity’, Materials Science and Engineering A, 702(August): 259–264. doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2017.07.026.

Murakami, Y. et al. 2021. ‘Essential structure of S-N curve: Prediction of fatigue life and fatigue limit of defective materials and nature of scatter’, International Journal of Fatigue, 146: 106138. doi: 10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2020.106138.

Neville, A. M. 2011. Properties of Concrete. 5th edn. London: Pearson.

Neville, A. M. and Brooks, J. J. 2010. Concrete Technology. 2nd edn. Harlow, United Kingdom: Pearson Education Limited.

Onwuka, D. O., Temitope, C. and Awodiji, G. 2015 ‘Investigation of The Effect Of Water-Cement Ratio On The Modulus Of Rupture Of Concrete’, International Journal Of Engineering And Computer Science, 4(July): 13298–13305.

Petersson, P. E. 1980. ‘Fracture energy of concrete: Practical performance and experimental results’, Cement and Concrete Research, 10(1): 91–101. doi: 10.1016/0008-8846(80)90055-1.

Pook, L. P. 1972 ‘Fatigue Crack Growth Data for Various Materials Deduced from the Fatigue Lives of Precracked Plates’, in Corten, H. T. and Gallagher, J. P. (eds) STP513-EB Stress Analysis and Growth of Cracks: Proceedings of the 1971 National Symposium on Fracture Mechanics: Part 1. West Conshohocken, PA. 106–124. doi: 10.1520/STP34117S.

Santus, C., Taylor, D. and Benedetti, M. 2018. ‘Determination of the fatigue Critical Distance according to the Line and the Point Methods with rounded V-notched specimen’, International Journal of Fatigue, 106: 208–218. doi: 10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2017.10.002.

Singh, S. B., Munjal, P. and Thammishetti, N. 2015. ‘Influence of Water-Cement Ratio on Mechanical Properties of Cement Mortar’, in UKIERI Concrete Congress. NIT Jalandhar, Punjab, Indiamala. 221–231.

Susmel, L. 2016. ‘High-cycle Fatigue of Notched Plain Concrete’, in Procedia Structural Integrity XV Portuguese Conference on Fracture, PCF 2016. 10-12 February 2016, Paço de Arcos, Portugal. 3447–3458.

Susmel, L. and Taylor, D. 2010. ‘The Theory of Critical Distances as an alternative experimental strategy for the determination of KIc and ΔKth’, Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 77(9): 1492–1501. doi: 10.1016/j.engfracmech.2010.04.016.

Susmel, L. and Taylor, D. 2011. ‘The Theory of Critical Distances to estimate lifetime of notched components subjected to variable amplitude uniaxial fatigue loading’, International Journal of Fatigue, 33(7): 900–911. doi: 10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2011.01.012.

Taylor, D. 2004. ‘Applications of the Theory of Critical Distances to the prediction of Brittle Fracture in Metals and Non-Metals’, ECF-15: 1–8. doi: 10.3221/IGF-ESIS.11.01.

Taylor, D. 2006. ‘The Theory of Critical Distances: A History and a New Definition’, in SDHM Structural Durability and Health Monitoring. Tech Science Press. 1–10.

Wang, X. et al. 2020. ‘Effect of water–cement ratio, aggregate type, and curing temperature on the fracture energy of concrete’, Construction and Building Materials, 259: 119646. doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.119646.

Downloads

Published

2021-11-29

How to Cite

Ahmad Shah, M. S. ., Umar, S. ., Chin, C.-L., Syed Ahmad, S. Z. A. ., & Mohd Pauzi, N. N. . (2021). HIGH-CYCLE FATIGUE IN CONCRETE THROUGH THE THEORY OF CRITICAL DISTANCES: FROM PERSPECTIVE OF WATER-CEMENT RATIO. Malaysian Journal of Civil Engineering, 33(3). https://doi.org/10.11113/mjce.v33.17609

Issue

Section

Articles