• Alan Wong Zong Xiang Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Sarehati Umar Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Mohamad Shazwan Ahmad Shah Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Seyed Jamalaldin Seyed Hakim Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia



Structural health monitoring, vibration-based damage detection, mode shape curvature, one-story steel frame structure, damage localisation


Structural health monitoring techniques, particularly vibration-based damage detection, have gained significance in assessing civil structure condition. This paper focuses on utilising mode shape curvature for damage detection in a one-story steel frame structure. The study aims to overcome traditional inspection limitations by exploring vibration-based approaches. Experimental investigation is conducted to analyse intact and damaged structural modal behaviour. Modal analysis technique extracts modal frequencies and mode shapes, enabling analysis of mode shape curvature for damage detection and localisation. Preliminary findings show that damaged structures display deviations in mode shapes and reduced natural frequencies, providing evidence of structural damage. However, a significant issue arises near the support, where unexpected patterns emerge in the Total Damage Index (TDI) with increasing damage severity. This finding challenges the expected correlation between severity levels and TDI values, highlighting the need to consider factors like fixed supports. Misleading signs of damage in some segments underscore the importance of cautious result interpretation and accounting for noise. Future studies should focus on noise resistance, false indication mitigation, and understanding segments with fixed supports to enhance mode shape curvature analysis’s reliability for damage detection in civil structures.


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How to Cite

Zong Xiang, A. W., Umar, S., Ahmad Shah, M. S., & Seyed Hakim, S. J. (2023). VIBRATION-BASED DAMAGE DETECTION FOR ONE-STORY STEEL FRAME STRUCTURE USING MODE SHAPE CURVATURE. Malaysian Journal of Civil Engineering, 35(3), 35–44.