• Pittayaporn Gomarn Department of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok 10520, Thailand
  • Jakrapong Pongpeng Department of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok 10520, Thailand




Stakeholder management, Ethics evaluation, Project failure, SEM, Stakeholder management, ethics evaluation, project failure, oil and gas, SEM


Continued unethical behavior by stakeholders within the oil and gas construction industry has a possible impact on the failure of many projects. This study therefore aims to investigate the impact of this type of behavior on the oil and gas construction industry. A conceptual framework was developed from both a literature review and interviews with 8 experts working on oil and gas construction projects in Myanmar, Malaysia and Thailand. A 31-item questionnaire was used to measure the 304 responses, from which a confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation model (SEM) were developed to investigate this impact. The results revealed that the most significant direct impact on a project’s failure was a main contractor’s unethical behavior. Furthermore, the study determined that the unethical behaviors of the consultant and designer had no direct impact on a project’s failure but that there was an impact of the owner’s unethical behavior. Ranked in order of importance, the indicators of a project failure are as follows: stakeholders' dissatisfaction; cost overrun; time overrun; negative effects on health, safety and environment; quality defects; and dispute and litigation. The results provide a guideline for developing a code of ethics to conduct unethical behavior investigations, which will help decrease future project failures


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How to Cite

Gomarn, P., & Pongpeng, J. . (2022). A SEM ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF UNETHICAL STAKEHOLDER BEHAVIORS ON CONSTRUCTION PROJECT FAILURES: AN OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY STUDY. ASEAN Engineering Journal, 12(1), 41-48. https://doi.org/10.11113/aej.v12.16603