THE READINESS OF PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES IN ADOPTING INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 4.0 (IR 4.0) FROM A CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT PERSPECTIVE
Keywords:Innovative learning, education, technological readiness, robotics
AbstractThere have been four major Industrial Revolutions that have developed human lifestyles. Currently, the Fourth Industrial Revolution, (IR 4.0), is taking place in major industries with current students and graduates requiring new talents and skills to become a future-proof workforce. However, current tertiary education is not yet fully equipped to deal with IR4.0 concepts. This results in the low awareness of IR4.0 among students and graduates where they are not yet ready to enter an IR4.0 workspace. This is especially so in construction management education. Hence, the aim of this research is to improve existing construction engineering education by including IR4.0. This research is based on data collected from a survey by questionnaire responses from construction management undergraduate and postgraduate students at Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Shah Alam. The findings show that these construction management students agreed that challenges such as the traditional construction management curricular structure and the lack of IR4.0 facilities hindered the implementation of IR4.0 in construction management education. Therefore, recommendations such as the collaboration of industry experts with universities and students to enable the adoption of IR4.0 into project-based learning were discussed. In conclusion, this study hopes to help both universities and students to be prepared for the integration of and benefits from, implementing IR4.0 in construction management education.
Maskuriy, R., Selamat, A., Ali, K. N., Maresova, P., & Krejcar, O. 2019. “Industry 4.0 for the Construction Industry—How Ready Is the Industry?”. Applied Sciences, 9(14): 2819
Maria, M., Shahbodin, F., & Pee, N. C. 2018. “Malaysian Higher Education System Towards Industry 4.0 - Current Trends Overview”. AIP Conference Proceedings, 2016 (September): 0–7,
Pouspourika, K. 2019. “The 4 Industrial Revolutions - Institute of Entrepreneurship Development”. Institute of Entrepreneurship Development. Retrieved from https://ied.eu/project-updates/the-4-industrial- revolutions/
Aripin, I. D. M., Zawawi, E. M. A., & Ismail, Z. 2019. “Factors Influencing the Implementation of Technologies Behind Industry 4.0 in the Malaysian Construction Industry”. MATEC Web of Conferences, 266: 01006
Zabidin, N. S., Belayutham, S., & Che Ibrahim, C. K. I. 2019. “A Bibliometric Analysis of Industrial Revolution (IR) 4.0 in Construction Engineering Education”. MATEC Web of Conferences, 266: 05006
Erboz, G. 2017. “How to Define Industry 40: The Main Pillars of Industry 4.0”. Managerial Trends in the Development of Enterprises in Globalization Era, November 2017, 761–767.
Oluwaseun Adebayo, A., Shanker Chaubey, M., & Petiho Numbu, L. 2019. “Industry 4.0: The Fourth Industrial Revolution And How It Relates To The Application of Internet of Things (IoT)”. Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science Studies (JMESS), 2458–2925
Oesterreich, T. D., & Teuteberg, F. 2016. “Understanding The Implications Of Digitisation And Automation In The Context Of Industry 4.0: A Triangulation Approach And Elements Of A Research Agenda For The Construction Industry.” Computers in Industry, 83: 121–139. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compind.2016.09.006
Mahmud, S. H., Assan, L., & Islam, R. 2018. “Potentials of Internet of Things (IoT) in Malaysian Construction Industry”. Annals of Emerging Technologies in Computing, 2(4): 44–52. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33166/aetic.2018.04.004.
Wallner, T., Wagner, G., Costa, Y. J., Pell, A., Lengauer, E., Halmerbauer, G., & Lienhardt, C. 2016 “A. Academic Education 4.0”. In International Conference on Education and New Developments. 2016: 155-159.
Tirziu, A. M., & Vrabie, C. 2015. “Education 2.0: E-Learning Methods”. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 186: 376-380.
Ishak, R., Mansor, M. 2019. “The Relationship between Knowledge Management and Organizational Learning with Academic Staff Readiness for Education 4.0”. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research 85: (2020) 169-184
Ahmad Yusof, Adnan, A. A., Mustafa Kamal, A. H. M., Kamal, N. N., & Ahmad, M. A. 2019 “Education 4.0 Immersive Learning with Spherical Videos (360°) and Virtual Reality (VR) Experiences”. International Invention, Innovative & Creative (InIIC) Conference, November, 978–967. DOI: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/337146653
Ismail, A., Wan Hassan. W. A. S., Ahmad, F., Affan. Z., Harun, M. I. 2020. “Students’ Readiness In Facing Industrial Revolution 4.0 Among Students Of Technical Teacher’s Education”. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 9(08): 300–305, www.ijstr.org
Vasilevski, N., & Birt, J. 2020. “Analysing construction student experiences of mobile mixed reality enhanced learning in virtual and augmented reality environments”. Research in Learning Technology, 28(1063519), 1–23. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25304/rlt.v28.2329
Arashpour, M., & Aranda-Mena, G. “Curriculum Renewal In Architecture, Engineering, And Construction Education: Visualizing Building Information Modeling Via Augmented Reality”. ISEC 2017 - 9th International Structural Engineering and Construction Conference: Resilient Structures and Sustainable Construction, July. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14455/isec.res.2017.54
Wang, P., Wu, P., Wang, J., Chi, H. L., & Wang, X. 2018. “A Critical Review Of The Use Of Virtual Reality In Construction Engineering Education And Training”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(6).
Ali, M. 2021. “Vocational students’ perception and readiness in facing globalization, industry revolution 4.0 and society 5.0”. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1833(1): 0–7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1833/1/012050
Halili, S. H., & Sulaiman, S. 2021 “Students’ Perception To Integrate Education 4.0 In Science Program”. Multidisciplinary Journal for Education, Social and Technological Sciences, 8(1): 45 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4995/muse.2021.14768
Tinmaz, H., & Lee, J. H. 2019. “A Preliminary Analysis on Korean University Students’ Readiness Level for Industry 4.0 Revolution”. Participatory Educational Research (PER), 6(1): 70–83
Su, L. H., Thi, N., Linh, H., Dang, V., Ngan, H., Oanh, L. K., Thanh, N., Vuong, T., & Tran, B. 2020. “Research On Students’ Readiness For Education 4.0 Program”. International Journal of Emerging Multidisciplinary Research (IJEMR). 4(1): https://doi.org/10.22662/IJEMR.2020.4.1.013
Chalil, M. 2019.Study: “More than 63pc of students in Malaysia can’t explain what IR4.0 is”. The Malay Mail. Retrieved from https://www.malaymail.com/news/life/2019/08/20/study-more-than-63pc-of-students-in-malaysia-cant-explain-what-ir4.0 is/1782417
Sani, R. 2019 “Are our students ready for the IR4.0 workplace?” New Straits Times. Retrieved from https://www.nst.com.my/education/2019/10/526409/are-our-students-ready-ir40-workplace
MITI. 2018.National Policy on Industry 4.0, Ministry of International Trade and Industry.
Fakinlede, C. O., Yusuf, M. O., & Mejabi, O. V. 2014 “Readiness For Online Learning In Higher Education: A Mixed Methods Assessment Of Students At A Nigerian University”. Malaysian Journal of Distance Education, 16(1): 37–57.
Abbas, A., Din, Z. U., & Farooqui, R. 2016. “Integration of BIM in Construction Management Education: An Overview of Pakistani Engineering Universities”. International Conference on Sustainable Design, Engineering and Construction Integration, 145: 151–157. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.04.034
Chong, S., Pan, G. T., Chin, J., Show, P. L., Yang, T. C. K., & Huang, C. M. 2018. “Integration Of 3D Printing And Industry 4.0 Into Engineering Teaching”. Sustainability. 10(11). DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su10113960
Lai, C. S., Chundra, U., & Lee, M. F. 2020. “Teaching and Learning Based on IR 4.0: Readiness of Attitude among Polytechnics Lecturers”. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1529, 032105.
Motyl, B., Baronio, G., Uberti, S., Speranza, D., & Filippi, S. 2017. “How will Change the Future Engineers’ Skills in the Industry 4.0 Framework? A Questionnaire Survey”. Procedia Manufacturing, 11(June): 1501–1509,
Saud, M. S., Rameli, M. R. M., Kosnin, A. M., Yahaya, N., Kamin, Y., Zakaria, M. A. Z. M., Mokhtar, M., Abdullah, A. H., Suhairom, N., Kamis, A., Rahman, F. A., Minghat, A. D., Daris, Z. M., Alhassora, N. S. A., & Omar, M. 2018 “Readiness In Implementing Teacher Training Programmes Based On Industrial Revolution 4.0: Evidence From Malaysian Public Universities”. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 13(Special Issue on ICITE 2018), 42–48.
Mian, S. H., Salah, B., Ameen, W., Moiduddin, K., & Alkhalefah, H. 2020. “Adapting Universities For Sustainability Education In Industry 4.0: Channel Of Challenges And Opportunities.” Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(15)
Gunasekaran, D., & Subramaniam, G. K. J. 2020. “Students’ Perspective Learning Online: Higher Education Evolution”. International Journal of Computational Engineering Research, 10(July): 30–35
Abdullah, F., Kassim, M. H. Bin, & Sanusi, A. N. Z. 2017. “Go Virtual: Exploring Augmented Reality Application In Representation Of Steel Architectural Construction For The Enhancement Of Architecture Education”. Advanced Science Letters, 23(2): 804–808
Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia. 2018 Framing Malaysian Higher Education 4.0 (1st ed.). Department of Higher Education Malaysia.
Junid, N. A. binti, Tuan Soh, T. M., Mahmud, S. N. D., & Iksan, Z. H 2019. “Science Teacher’s Knowledge, Understanding And Readiness In Dealing With The Education Transformation Of The 4th Industrial Revolution”. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 7(11): 102–119
Lase, D. 2019. “Education And Industrial Revolution 4.0”. Jurnal Handayani, 10(1): 48–62
Nikolic, D., Jaruhar, S., & Messner, J. I. 2015. “Educational Simulation in Construction: Virtual Construction Simulator”. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, 25(6): 421–429
Tavakol, M., & Dennick, R. 2011. “Making Sense Of Cronbach’s Alpha”. International Journal of Medical Education, 2: 53–55. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5116/ijme.4dfb.8dfd
Selamat, A. 2017. “Higher Education 4.0: Current Status and Readiness in Meeting the Fourth Industrial Revolution Challenges, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. Retrieved from DOI: https://www.researchgate.net/
Amir, R., Bunawan, H., & Yahya, M. F. 2018. “Cabaran Mahasiswa dan Kolej Kediaman Mendepani Revolusi Industri 4.0”. Konvensyen Kepengetuaan Dan Felo Kolej Kediaman Universiri Awam Kebangsaan., 24–29