EXTRACTION OF PROCYANIDIN B2 FROM APPLE PEEL USING SUBCRITICAL WATER

Authors

  • Wahyudiono Wahyudiono New Industry Creation Hatchery Center, Tohoku University, 6-6-10 Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8579, Japan
  • Shinya Maeda Department of Materials Process Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo–cho, Chikusa–ku, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan
  • Siti Machmudah Department of Chemical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Kampus ITS Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111, Indonesia
  • Kei Sato Faculty of Wellness, Shigakkan University, Obu 474-8651, Japan
  • Hideki Kanda Department of Materials Process Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo–cho, Chikusa–ku, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan
  • Motonobu Goto Super Critical Technology Centre Co. Ltd., Kuwana, Mie, 511-0838, Japan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11113/aej.v12.17165

Keywords:

Subcritical water, Extraction, Liquefaction, Apple fruit, Procyanidin

Abstract

Subcritical water, which is an effective solvent for polar and nonpolar substances, has been used to extract numerous natural ingredients. In this study, subcritical water was used to extract bioactive substances from apple peel in a batch process in the temperature range of 100–175 °C for 5–60 min. The Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy results revealed that phenolic compounds were released from apple peel in the aforementioned temperature range. The ultraviolet–visible spectra of the liquid products at 280 nm revealed the high content of phenolic compounds in the extracts. The high-performance liquid chromatography results demonstrated that the yield of procyanidin B2 was approximately 2.28 mg/g of dried apple peel when extraction was performed at 150 °C for 15 min.

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Published

2022-06-01

How to Cite

Wahyudiono, W., Maeda, S., Machmudah, S. ., Sato, K. ., Kanda, H. ., & Goto, M. . (2022). EXTRACTION OF PROCYANIDIN B2 FROM APPLE PEEL USING SUBCRITICAL WATER . ASEAN Engineering Journal, 12(2), 135-141. https://doi.org/10.11113/aej.v12.17165

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