OPTIMIZATION OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN SENSOR NODE BASED ON RECEIVED SIGNAL STRENGTH INDICATOR (RSSI) AND SLEEP AWAKE METHOD
Keywords:Wireless Sensor Network, Tx Power, RSSI, Sensor Node
AbstractThe transmission power management in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) is a critical problem. This research investigated optimizing power consumption based on transmission power (Tx Power) level according to RSSI and periodic transmission time. We investigated the RSSI value by varying Tx Power Level to get the optimum Tx Power Level. We found the optimum periodic transmission time by transmitting the data with various transmission times. By varying the Tx Power Level, we found the optimum Tx Power Level, resulting in the power consumption decreasing by about 42% and the power supply’s lifetime increasing by about 71% in the 280 m distance between the sensor node and gateway, with a 108 Wh power supply. By varying the periodic transmission time, we found that the optimum periodic transmission time is 8 seconds. Combining the optimum Tx Power Level and periodic transmission time, we found that the power supply’s lifetime is 40 times longer. This result is helpful for WSN applications in remote areas.
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