• Norfazira Mohd Azahar Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Norhidayah Abdul Hassan Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Ramadhansyah Putra Jaya Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Hasanan Md. Nor Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Mohd Khairul Idham Mohd Satar Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Nordiana Mashros Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Azman Mohamed Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia



Cup lump rubber, CMA mixture, resilient modulus, permanent deformation, tensile strength, aging


The use of cup lump rubber as an additive in asphalt binder has recently become the main interest of the paving industry. The innovation helps to increase the natural rubber consumption and stabilize the rubber price. This study evaluates the mechanical performance of cup lump rubber modified asphalt (CMA) mixture in terms of resilient modulus, dynamic creep and indirect tensile strength under aging conditions. The CMA mixture was prepared using dense-graded Marshall-designed mix and the observed behavior was compared with that of conventional mixture. From the results, both mixtures passed the volumetric properties as accordance to Malaysian Public Work Department (PWD) specification. The addition of cup lump rubber provides better resistance against permanent deformation through the enhanced properties of resilient modulus and dynamic creep. Furthermore, the resilient modulus of CMA mixture performed better under aging conditions.  


Tayfur, S., Ozen, H. and Aksoy, A. 2007. Investigation of Rutting Performance of Asphalt Mixtures Containing Polymer Modifiers. Construction and Building Materials. 21(2): 328-337.


Kamal, M. M., Hadithon, K. A. and Bakar, R. A. 2019. Warm Mix Asphalt Additive in Natural Rubber Modified Bitumen. MATEC Web of Conferences. 266: 04005.


Ibrahim, A., Ahmad, A., Kamarudin, F., Mansor, S. and Bahri, I. S. S. 2017. Performance of Bituminous-modified Binder using Natural Rubber Latex as Green Enhancer. Symposium on Innovation and Creativity (iMIT-SIC). 1: 1-4.

Harun, M. H. 2017. Natural rubber Modified Asphalt: Malaysian Experience, 1950-2016. Retrieved May 2, 2017, from

Othman, Z., Hainin, M. R., Warid, M. N. M., Idham, M. K. and Kamarudin, S. N. N. 2018. Cup Lump Modified Asphalt Mixture along Jalan Kuala Lumpur-Kuantan, Daerah Temerloh, Pahang. MATEC Web of Conferences. 250: 02007.


Krishnapriya, M. G. 2015. Performance Evaluation of Natural Rubber Modified Bituminous Mixes. Int. J. Civ. Struct. Environ. Infrastruct. Eng. Res. Dev. 5: 121-134.

Shaffie, E., Ahmad, J., Arshad, A.K., Kamarun, D. and Kamaruddin, F. 2015. Stripping Performance and Volumetric Properties Evaluation of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) Mix Design using Natural Rubber Latex Polymer Modified Binder (NRMB). 873-884.

Tuntiworawit, N., Lavansiri, D., Phromsorn, C. and Engineer, C. 2005. The Modification of Asphalt with Natural Rubber Latex. Proceedings of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies. 5: 679-694.

Ghafarpour, J. S. and Khodaei, A. 2008. Empirical Model for Determining Rutting Parameter in Rubber Modified Bitumen. International Journal of Civil Engineering. 6(4): 246-254.

Shaffie, E., Ahmad, J., Arshada, A. K., Kamarun, D. and Awang, H. 2016. Investigation on Rutting Performance of Nanopolyacrylate and Natural Rubber Latex Polymer Modified Asphalt Binder Mixes. Jurnal Teknologi. 78(7-5): 10-14.

Özen, H. 2011. Rutting Evaluation of Hydrated Lime and SBS Modified Asphalt Mixtures for Laboratory and Field Compacted Samples. Construction and Building Materials. 25(2): 756-765.


Ahmad, J., Rahman, M. A. and Hainin, M. R. 2011. Rutting Evaluation of Dense Graded Hot Mix Asphalt Mixture. International Journal of Engineering & Technology. 11(05): 56-60.

Hassan, N. A., Airey, G. D., Jaya, R. P., Mashros, N. and Aziz, M. M. A. 2014. A Review of Crumb Rubber Modification in Dry Mixed Rubberised Asphalt Mixtures. Jurnal Teknologi. 70(4): 127-134.

Shaffie, E., Hanif, W. W., Arshad, A. K. and Hashim, W. 2017. Rutting Resistance of Asphalt Mixture with Cup Lumps Modified Binder. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 271 (1): 012056.


Saboo, N. and Kumar, P. 2016. Performance Characterization of Polymer Modified Asphalt Binders and Mixes. Advances in Civil Engineering. 2016: 12pages.


Jaskula, P., Szydlowski, C. and Stienss, M. 2018, May. Influence of Bitumen Type on Cracking Resistance of Asphalt Mixtures Used in Pavement Overlays. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 356(1): 012010.


Hamzah, M. O. and Teoh, C. Y. 2008. Effects of Temperature on Resilient Modulus of Dense Asphalt Mixtures Incorporating Steel Slag Subjected to Short Term Oven Aging. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology. 46: 221-225.

Standard and Industrial Research Institute of Malaysia. 1996. MS 124. Specification for Penetration Grade of Bitumen for Use in Pavement Construction. Standard & Industrial Research Institute of Malaysia. Malaysian Standard.

Public Works Department. 2008. Standard Specifications for Road Works – Section 4: Flexible Pavement. Public Works Department, Ministry of Works Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur. JKR/SPJ/2008.

Azahar, N. M., Hassan, N. A., Putrajaya, R., Hainin, M. R., Puan, O. C., Shukry, N. A. M. and Hezmi, M. A. 2019, January. Engineering Properties of Asphalt Binder Modified with Cup Lump Rubber. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 220(1): 012014.


Hınıslıoğlu, S. and Ağar, E. 2004. Use of Waste High Density Polyethylene as Bitumen Modifier in Asphalt Concrete Mix. Materials Letters. 58(3-4): 267-271.


Somers, A. E., Bastow, T. J., Burgar, M. I., Forsyth, M. and Hill, A. J. 2000. Quantifying Rubber Degradation using NMR. Polymer Degradation and Stability. 70(1): 31-37.





How to Cite

Mohd Azahar, N., Abdul Hassan, N., Jaya, R. P., Md. Nor, H., Mohd Satar, M. K. I., Mashros, N., & Mohamed, A. (2019). MECHANICAL PERFORMANCE OF ASPHALT MIXTURE CONTAINING CUP LUMP RUBBER. Jurnal Teknologi, 81(6).



Science and Engineering