DISCRIMINATION OF EXTRACTED ANIMAL FATS USING LASER-INDUCED BREAKDOWN SPECTROSCOPY ASSISTED WITH PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS
Keywords:LIBS, PCA, animal fats, plasma, liquid ablation
This study focuses on the discrimination of extracted animal fats in liquid form using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) technique assisted with principal component analysis (PCA). The interaction of laser and liquid sample produces liquid splashing due to strong shock wave effect and subsequently generates lower intensity of LIBS signals. LIBS difficulties in liquid are resolved using paper substrate to enhance LIBS emission intensity. Laser pulse from Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with energy of 220 mJ and frequency of 1 Hz was used to ablate extracted animal fats. The obtained LIBS spectra of extracted animal fats were further evaluated using PCA. LIBS spectra are compressed and visualised as data points in the score plot of PCA. PCA results demonstrated that data points from different extracted animal fats were clustered separately in the score plot with variance greater than 90%. The findings show LIBS system assisted with PCA was capable to differentiate various extracted animal fats.
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