ULASAN: PEMBANGUNAN TEKNOLOGI PENGGASAN DAN PENGGUNAAN

Authors

  • Muhammad Roslan Rahim School of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9552-7304
  • Annisa Palupi Trisasongko School of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Mohammad Nazri Mohd Jaafar School of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Norazila Othman School of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9163-8293
  • Yahaya Ramli School of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Syahiran Abdul Malik School of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Mazlan Said Institute for Vehicle Systems and Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0397-9600

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11113/jurnalteknologi.v84.17709

Keywords:

Gasification, synthesis gas, engineering factors, raw material, main product

Abstract

Gasification technologies have the potential to produce clean and efficient energy sources. This technology is capable of producing synthesis gas from low or negative carbon -based raw materials such as coal, petroleum coke, high sulfur fuel oil, waste or waste materials and biomass. The gas produced from the process is used to replace natural gas to generate electrical power, or acts as basic raw material for producing chemicals and liquid fuels. Gasification is a process which utilizes heat, pressure, and steam to convert materials directly into gases, such as carbon monoxide and hydrogen gases. Despite differing in various aspects, gasification technologies have four common engineering factors such as atmospheric gasification reactors (oxygen or air content level), internal and external heating, reactor design and operating temperature. Raw materials, either in dry form or small granules, are fed into the reactor chamber called gasifier. Raw materials subjected to heat, pressure as well as an environment with rich or low oxygen content. Hydrocarbon gas (also known as Syngas), liquid hydrocarbon (oil) and coal (carbon black and ash) are the three main products of gasification. Syngas can be used as a fuel to produce electricity or steam, or acts as a basic block for various types of chemicals. When mixed with air, Syngas can be used in petrol or diesel engines with slight modifications to the engine.

Published

2021-11-22

How to Cite

Rahim, M. R., Trisasongko, A. P., Mohd Jaafar, M. N., Othman, N., Ramli, Y., Abdul Malik, M. S. ., & Said, M. (2021). ULASAN: PEMBANGUNAN TEKNOLOGI PENGGASAN DAN PENGGUNAAN. Jurnal Teknologi, 84(1). https://doi.org/10.11113/jurnalteknologi.v84.17709

Issue

Section

Science and Engineering